Skip Content

The Role of Religion in Conflict and Peacebuilding

Published by The British Academy

A report analysing the relationship between faith and conflict, and putting forward a set of recommendations for policy-makers and practitioners in the fields of conflict resolution and mediation.

There is no evidence to indicate that particular religious traditions are, by virtue of their theology, more prone to violence or more likely to lead to conflict or peace than others. However, attention can and should be paid to the underlying and enabling factors that make it possible for individuals, religious or political leaders, or communities to embrace a religious discourse, symbolism or institution to carry out or justify violence. Simultaneously, it is necessary to remain intellectually flexible and cognisant of the fact that religion is not always relevant in conflict or peace dynamics.

Although it has been shown that religion can contribute to the escalation of conflicts, there is no fixed recipe for establishing which combination of actors, claims, external factors and religious features can ignite tensions and violence, where religious dimensions are central. Recognising the role of religion and engaging with its multiple facets do not replace the work required to address the other interlocking issues (e.g. deprivation, marginalisation, institutional malfunctioning, state failure, global dynamics of dependency) related to conflict and peace.

Publication part of

Conflict, Stability & Security

The British Academy's activities under this theme aim to illustrate the importance of in-depth and broad understanding of the historical, political, linguistic, cultural and socio-economic context, as well as the importance of perspectives from the philosophical to the demographic when examining and responding to conflict and insecurity overseas.


We foster international collaboration in the humanities and social sciences, and promote the sharing of international perspectives on global challenges.