Mid-Career Fellowship awards 2015
Adlam, Dr Anna-Lynne MD140045
Senior Lecturer, University of Exeter, Psychology
Psychology / Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology
A family intervention designed by families: developing an online problem-solving intervention for children (9-12 years) who have survived a brain injury
Sum Awarded from BA: £117,330.40
In the UK a child injures their brain every 30 minutes. Most survive, however brain injury can affect thinking, emotion, and behaviour, which can impair the child’s ability to cope and gain future independence. Despite these long-term difficulties, there is limited research investigating interventions. One promising web-based intervention is Teen Online Problem-Solving (TOPS); however, children under the age of 13-years have difficulty engaging with, and benefiting from TOPS. To help address this gap, the proposed research aims to co-design and pilot an intervention with children (9-12 years) and their families using intervention mapping (IM). IM is an implementation science technique that synthesises theory, local context (e.g., NHS), and the needs of the target audience to develop effective treatments. Methods will include focus groups and qualitative interviews with children, families, health professionals, and teachers; and a multiple case series design to evaluate feasibility. Communication is central to IM, and findings will be presented via workshops and publications.
Beattie, Dr Tara MD140051
Lecturer, Social Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Global, Health and Development
Sociology / Demography, Epidemiology and Health
Identifying factors which increase vulnerability to sexual exploitation and early marriage of low caste girls in rural south India: a mixed methods research study
Sum Awarded from BA: £57,935.20
Low caste girls in rural India are particularly likely to drop-out of school, be married during early adolescence, or be inducted into sex work. This analysis will use data from interviews with 2100 low caste girls, their families and 600 school staff, collected at baseline as part of an ongoing trial, to assess which girls are most likely to drop out of school, experience child marriage and sell sex at a young age. It will explore the individual, household and school/community factors that increase their vulnerability or support resilience. The findings will be used to refine the intervention and inform policy. The research communication plan will involve publication in peer reviewed journals, presentation at conferences, evidence briefings and discussions with local and state government, video/infographics in 2 languages disseminated through social media and the Samata website, posts on relevant blog platforms, village and school level meetings, folk media shows and radio programmes, articles in local language and national newspapers, and presentations to the Samata outreach team
Benigno, Dr Gianluca MD150008
Associate Professor (formerly Reader), London School of Economics and Political Science, Economics
Economics / Economic Policy
The Twin Traps: Stagnation and Liquidity Trap
Sum Awarded from BA: £131,468
After six years from the onset of the Global Financial Crisis, economic recovery in the major economies is still weak. While few advanced economies have surpassed their pre-crisis GDP level, their growth rate is still below its pre-crisis path despite highly accommodative monetary policies. Indeed, output losses linked to financial crises are not confined to the short run, but tend to have persistent consequences. Yet we do not know much about the link between why a temporary shock could have permanent consequences on the long-run growth of the economy. The proposed research consists of a quantitative model of growth that combines short run elements (the business cycle) along with long-run ones (long-run growth) in order to study how short run outcomes (due to agents’ or policy choices) might have long-run implications.
Bowden, Dr William MD140050
Associate Professor in Roman Archaeology, University of Nottingham, Archaeology
Archaeology / Classical art and archaeology
A town of the Iceni: publication of the Caistor Roman town project
Sum Awarded from BA: £100,673.60
This fellowship will facilitate the publication of Dr Bowden’s 2006-15 excavations and surveys at Venta Icenorum (Norfolk), one of the few Roman regional capitals in Britain not buried beneath a modern settlement. Venta was the only major town in the territory of the Iceni, the tribe that revolted against Rome under Boudica. The revolt has shaped scholarly and public understanding of the Iceni’s relationship with Rome, with the result that the small scale of Venta and the limited adoption of some forms of material culture in the region is viewed as evidence of resistance to Rome or poverty in the aftermath of the rebellion. The excavation results challenge this view, suggesting a more complex response to Rome, with the inhabitants of Venta using and adapting the urban form and new material culture to reflect their own aspirations. The fellowship will enable a re-evaluation of the Iceni in the post-Boudican period, placing the archaeology of the territory in the context of Britain in Roman and post-Roman Europe and casting new light on the dynamic relationship between Rome and its provinces.
Bryan, Dr Gharad MD150006
Lecturer, London School of Economics, Economics
Economics / Applied Economics
The Spatial Misallocation of Labor: Causes, Costs and Opportunities
Sum Awarded from BA: £130,255.20
A person from the richest regency in Indonesia earns 7 times more than a person from the poorest regency. Beyond the inequalities implied, this fact suggests a possibility: can the movement of people lead to reductions in poverty and vulnerability and an increase in development, and if so what kinds of policies will encourage that movement? This research aims to build a general equilibrium model of migration choices to begin answering these questions. In the model the choice of where to live reflects the tension between three forces: the wish to be at home, the wish to live somewhere nice and the wish to earn a good living. Given these three forces people select their preferred place to work and live, leading to a distribution of people across space, to poverty levels and to GDP. The framework can be used to answer simple questions like: what would Indonesia’s GDP be if its people were as mobile as Americans? It is hoped the framework can form a base for more refined models as well as to a gradual change in peoples views on internal migration, which tend to be negative.
Bullock, Professor Philip MD140030
Professor of Russian Literature and Music; Fellow and Tutor in Russian, University of Oxford and Wadham College, Oxford, Faculty of Medieval and Modern Languages
Modern Languages / Russian, Slavonic and East European languages and literatures
The Poet's Echo: Art Song in Russia, 1730-2000
Sum Awarded from BA: £113,682.88
“The Poet’s Echo: Art Song in Russia, 1730-2000” will be the first English-language history of art song in Russia from the early eighteenth century to the present. Song has been the genre in which almost all Russian composers have expressed themselves since its emergence in the Europeanized context of early eighteenth-century culture. At the same time, song participates in the literary process, helping to establish, shape and disseminate Russia’s evolving canon of poetry beyond the confines of the page. Accordingly, Russian poetry as set to music reveals much about the role played by song in the formation of Russian literary culture. Moreover, because the rise of art song is dependent on changes in publishing, Professor Bullock’s book will trace how print culture was instrumental in shaping Russia’s social and cultural self-image. Finally, and by contrast, song represents a way of reconstituting something of the interior emotional world of Russian audiences by shedding light on the reception of poetry and music by a wide range of performers and listeners.
Byford, Dr Andy MD140022
Senior Lecturer in Russian, Durham University, School of Modern Languages and Cultures
History / History of a specific country
Science of the Child in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia, 1881-1936
Sum Awarded from BA: £97,336
The scientific study of childhood and child development is vital to the making of modern societies. It goes to the heart of the rise of modern technologies of biosocial reproduction and human transformation. Late tsarist Russia and the early Soviet Union offer an important case for exploring how, why and to what effect children became subjects of scientific study, professional expertise and state interest, given the significance accorded there to this field, the originality and diversity of Russia’s contributions to child science, and the considerable socio-political controversies surrounding it at the time. The project will result in the first comprehensive history of the rise and fall of Russian child science between the 1880s and 1930s. This will be an original contribution to Russian history as well as the history of the human sciences, education and childhood. It will explore issues that are highly pertinent today, with children remaining a major focus of public and professional concern and with a continued drive for innovation and cross-disciplinarity in this area of research.
Cruft, Dr Rowan MD140054
Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Stirling, Philosophy; Division of Law and Philosophy; School of Arts and Humanities
Philosophy / Political and social philosophy
Rights, Roles and the Individual
Sum Awarded from BA: £92,748
What makes some rights more important than others? This project will show that this question is best approached by examining how the individual features in the moral justification of different rights. Dr Cruft will argue that what we call 'basic' or 'human' rights are distinctive for being grounded primarily by what they do for their specific individual holders. By contrast, many legal and conventional rights are grounded by what they do for the wider group rather than the individual right-holder; such rights only serve their holders qua bearers of social roles which serve the common good (“citizen”, “owner”, “employee”). Dr Cruft will show how this distinction between individualistically and non-individualistically justified rights underpins both rights' varying metaphysical status (e.g. as “natural” or conventional) and their moral priority. The normative framework developed will offer guidance to practitioners and policy-makers on the principles underpinning the relative importance of different types of right, while at the same time deepening our understanding of ourselves as right-holders
Dalacoura, Dr Katerina MD150005
Associate Professor in International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science, International Relations
Politics / International Relations
Alternative Universalisms? Contemporary Turkish Discourses on Culture in International Relations
Sum Awarded from BA: £127,012
The project will investigate contemporary Turkish conceptions of culture in International Relations. It will identify intellectuals whose work goes beyond the conventional categories of 'East/Islam' versus 'West' and investigate the possibility of alternative universalist understandings of culture. Contemporary thought will be placed in the context of Turkey's intellectual, political, social and geo-political history but the emphasis will be on the study of ideas. By delving into hitherto unexplored primary sources, the project will offer an original contribution to knowledge and build bridges across disciplines. Apart from enriching the theoretical debate on culture in IR, the project will also aim to add to the vibrant current public debate on the role of culture in global affairs. It will do so by disseminating its findings with the help of the LSE's Middle East Centre and Press Office, through conventional and new forms of media and, most crucially, by building on the researcher's established links with think tanks in Turkey, the United States and Egypt.
Degen, Dr Monica MD140041
Senior Lecturer, Brunel University London, Department of Social Sciences, Media and Communication
Sociology / Sociology of other, e.g. work, media etc
Timescapes of Urban Change
Sum Awarded from BA: £108,684.80
This proposal questions how diverse timescapes converge or conflict in urban regeneration processes across the structural and experiential level to produce a particular sense of place. As this project shows underpinning urban change are a multiplicity of temporal narratives, practices, and ideologies which operate at different speeds and intensities. The research examines how these shape the representations, daily practices, subjective experiences and built environment of a neighbourhood. Developing the ideas of time and space by Adams, Harvey, Hagerstrand, and Lefebvre and drawing on longitudinal fieldwork of an urban regeneration process in el Raval, Barcelona, this research explores temporal features as a crucial dimension in shaping power relations in regeneration processes. The project’s academic output consists of two articles and a monograph proposal. Supported by a public engagement consultant, the public communication strand will pilot a cross European programme of public engagement in the form of a webpage, media articles, public lectures, a research report and workshops.
Divjak, Dr Dagmar MD140023
Reader in Slavonic Languages & Linguistics, The University of Sheffield, School of Languages & Cultures
Linguistics / Psycholinguistics and Cognitive Science
Frequency in Language. Context, Memory and Attention
Sum Awarded from BA: £101,768.80
Frequency of exposure is among the most robust predictors of human behaviour, including linguistic behaviour: frequent words are identified more quickly and processed more easily and accurately. Frequency effects are found in virtually every language domain, hence usage-based theories consider language as emerging from input frequencies. The nature of frequency and the mechanics by which it achieves these effects are not well understood, however, and there is no agreement on how to track frequencies. This project tackles these issues and puts usage-based linguistics on a sounder footing by combining insights from cognitive scientific research on memory and attention with a deeper understanding of the mathematical properties of the measures used to track and model frequency. A better understanding of how frequency of exposure impacts language knowledge facilitates the development of cognitively realistic theories of language and of strategic language teaching materials. A combination of academic outputs and an iTunesU documentary ensures that the findings reach the target groups.
Eckardt, Dr Hella MD140029
Associate Professor in Archaeology, Unversity of Readiing, Department of Archaeology
Archaeology / Classical art and archaeology
Writing power in the Roman provinces: inkwells and identities
Sum Awarded from BA: £103,185.60
Relatively few individuals could read and write in antiquity, with literacy being limited essentially to the elite and army. Previous research has focused on the most obvious evidence for literacy (e.g. stone inscriptions) and overall levels of literacy in the Roman world. This project explores attitudes to education and the importance of literacy to the construction of social identity. The focus of the study is a previously completely neglected object: the bronze inkwell. Contextual analysis of c. 400 metal inkwells (gathered from dispersed sources from across the Roman Empire) challenges previous assumptions that literacy was the privilege of elite, male adults. For example, inkwells are often found in rich graves of women and children. The production, distribution and use of inkwells across the Empire will be examined, highlighting the ways in which provincial elites used literacy to display their new 'Romanised' identities.
Griffin, Professor Emma MD140027
Professor of Modern History, UEA, School of History
History / Modern History
An Emotional History of Victorian Britain
Sum Awarded from BA: £100,703.33
What is the impact of poverty and overcrowding on the intimate relationships – sexual, familial, and platonic – that make us human? How does a family maintain loving ties when its members are forced to compete to fulfil their basic needs for food and rest? What does it mean for family life when an event that we now call “trauma” – death in the family – is so common that few will escape it? Using insights from the emerging field of the study of the emotions and a large body of little-used autobiographical sources, this project examines the lives of the poor in Victorian Britain to answer these and other questions about the emotional lives of people whose material lives are pinched and insecure. By means of a monograph, two journal articles, and a Radio 4 (and hopefully TV) documentary, Professor Griffin intends to communicate her findings to both an academic audience and the wider public.
Handley, Dr Sasha MD140021
Lecturer in Early Modern History, University of Manchester, History
History / Early Modern History
Sleep in Early Modern England
Sum Awarded from BA: £83,439.20
'Sleep in Early Modern England' is the first intensive history of sleeping practices in the early modern world. It traces how and why people ordered their sleeping hours, bedtime routines and bedchambers and reveals the unique cultural meanings of sleep that shaped its daily practice. The transformation of sleeping practices from 1660-1760 are traced in line with new medical knowledge of sleep, socio-economic forces, religious cultures and the material transformation of English households, which saw the emergence of specialized sleeping chambers on a large scale. The research intervenes in debates about the meaning and practice of sleep today by rethinking the balance between environment, culture and biology. This boundary-crossing project will deliver the monograph Sleep in Early Modern England and enhance the work of heritage sector stakeholders by developing bedchamber guides for National Trust properties; staff training sessions on sleep’s history for the National Trust and a sleep tour for the public at the National Trust’s Lyme Park for Manchester Histories Festival 2016.
Irvine, Dr Thomas MD140018
Associate Professor in Music, University of Southampton, Music
Music / History & Criticism of Music: Baroque/Classical
Listening to China: Sonic Modernity and the Sino-Western Encounter, 1770-1839
Sum Awarded from BA: £98,785.60
The aim of this project is the better understanding of Western perceptions of China around 1800. At its heart is engagement with Western reports of listening in China. This exploration of “ear-witnesses” of China around 1800 is integrated with and read against a survey of Western writing on Chinese sound-worlds from 1770 to 1839. The project explains changing Western views of China at a crucial turning point in the history of Sino-Western relations, and illuminates new discourses about the nature of sound, music and listening in the West that emerging in this period. Drawing on methods from music history, sound studies, the history of senses, Sinology and ethnomusicology, 'Listening to China' contributes to debates about the nature of music and music history on either side of 1800, the era of the dawn of “sonic modernity”.
Lankina, Dr Tomila MD140025
Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science, International Relations
Politics / Comparative Politics
Citizen Identities, Elite Discourse and Political Mobilisation in Ukraine and Russia at a Pivotal Turning Point
Sum Awarded from BA: £132,135.60
The political crisis in Ukraine has come to a head with Russia’s annexation of Crimea and violence in the Donbas. At stake here are both issues of the emergence of a new European order and the reconfiguration of the boundaries of state and nation in Russia and Ukraine. The battles are waged on the streets of Ukraine –as when citizens mobilized to topple Yanukovych; and in Russia, as when rallies endorsing Putin’s nationalism supplanted pro-democracy protests. They are waged in media projecting elite visions of the two states’ futures. And they are waged in citizens’ minds as identities and geopolitical loyalties are being reconfigured as the conflict unfolds. This project analyses these dynamics of elite narratives, citizen preferences and mobilization in Russia and Ukraine and explores their wider implications for the two states’ democratic futures. The Fellowship will allow Dr Lankina to complete the analysis for this major study for which much of the data have been already assembled; and to disseminate its findings widely, both to academic and non-academic audiences.
Legg, Dr Stephen MD140026
Associate Professor, University of Nottingham, School of Geography
Geography / Historical Geography
Spaces of Anti-Colonialism: Interwar Delhi in India's Nationalist Movements
Sum Awarded from BA: £84,530.40
India’s colonial capital lacks a history of its own. While British-designed “New Delhi” is endlessly fêted, pre-existing “Old Delhi” is largely neglected. This project will tell the story of the older, walled city, not as a space of heritage but as a vital space of interwar anti-colonialism. It will tell the micro-stories of the communities that supported jostling and rival nationalist parties, detailing the spatial tactics they used to turn "Shahjahanabad" (the Mughal name for the 17th-century city) into a theatre for modern politics. This fellowship will result in publications and public engagement addressing Gandhi’s mass movements, the emergence of Hindu-Muslim tension and riots, and the rising influence of socialist and communist parties, before independence in 1947. In so doing it will show academics and interested communities in the UK and in Delhi itself how walled residential communities, meeting grounds and gardens, ceremonial paths, and protest pickets vitalised anti-colonial struggles in the city.
Major, Dr Emma MD150010
Senior Lecturer, University of York, Department of English and Related Literature, Centre for Eighteenth-Century Studies
English Language and Literature / Romantic literature
Faithful Citizens 1789-1829
Sum Awarded from BA: £96,943.20
“Faithful Citizens 1789-1829” explores the fascinating relationship between Protestant Dissent and citizenship in Britain in the period 1789-1829. Excluded by the Test and Corporation Acts from participation in public office, during the eighteenth century Dissenters had developed a strong civic presence in which their very separation from government was proof of their integrity: they claimed they had sacrificed personal advancement for the sake of religious truth. Rational Dissenters, as they were known, became influential in commerce, science, literature, and theology. However, British hostility to the French Revolution in 1789 rejuvenated lingering prejudices associating Dissent with revolution, violence and regicide. Dr Major will argue that the years between 1789 and the eventual emancipation in 1828 and 1829 of both Protestant Dissenters and Catholics transformed ideas of citizenship. Examining the ways in which men and women participated in political and religious discussions during these years will illuminate a neglected dimension of literary, political and theological debate.
McCormack, Dr Derek MD140056
Associate Professor and Tutorial Fellow, Oxford University and Mansfield College, School of Geography and Environment
Geography / Cultural Geography
The experimental politics of atmospheric assemblages
Sum Awarded from BA: £99,067.20
This project will develop the concept of atmospheric assemblage in order to better understand the politics of experiments in the atmosphere. The research will examine a series of scientific, military, commercial, and aesthetic experiments in the atmosphere during a period beginning in the late 1940s until the present. A combination of archival, interview, and site-based fieldwork will be undertaken in order to examine how the atmosphere becomes an experimental space through the creation of networks of relations between devices, bodies, sites, and elements. By focusing on the balloon as an experimental device, the project will examine how the politics of these networks depends upon the precise configuration of the relations and things of which they are composed. The Fellowship will allow Dr McCormack to draw together his ongoing research in this area with new research in order to complete a monograph. In addition to the monograph, the findings will be disseminated through conference presentations, an interdisciplinary workshop, and a collaborative public artistic event.
Miguelez-Carballeira, Dr Helena MD140039
Senior Lecturer in Hispanic Studies, Bangor University, School of Modern Languages and Cultures
Modern Languages / Iberian and Latin American languages and literatures
Towards a Postcolonial Spain: History, Political Cultures and Material Realities
Sum Awarded from BA: £89,243.20
After thirty-five years of democratic consensus, Spain’s territorial unity is under strain. The Catalan independence referendum held on 9 November 2014 and the rise to political hegemony of the Basque pro-independence left leave little doubt as to the real possibility of breakage. Yet recent studies of contemporary Spain have tended to overlook this fact by focusing on the notion of Spanish multiculturalism and on a new framework for consensus. This project will drive forward a new understanding of contemporary Spain by seeing it instead as an example of postcolonial conflict: that is, as a country where unequal power relations among its internal cultures (Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque) have given rise to discursive and material forms of conflict, today reaching a historical peak that may lead to separation. Drawing on the critical tools of postcolonial theory, this project will analyse the historiographical, political and cultural facets of this conflict, providing a compelling new perspective from which to understand contemporary Spain, and what may come after it.
Morrell, Dr Kevin MD140052
Associate Professor of Governance, University of Warwick, Warwick Business School
Business and Management Studies / Organisational Theory
Deepening Understanding of "Public Confidence" in the Police: A Public Good Perspective
Sum Awarded from BA: £106,243.20
Confidence in the police is often the focus of public debate, particularly with the advent of Police & Crime Commissioners. But "confidence" is complex and contested. Dr Morrell will deepen understanding of public confidence drawing on ideas from philosophy and politics relating to "public good"; and by analysing a very large dataset at West Midlands Police (WMP): 10 years of biennial survey data, each wave administered to thousands of the public. It asks many questions relevant to confidence and policing policy (e.g. visibility, tactics, trust, crime, fear of crime, safety). Well designed and implemented, its value is not fully realised as it has not been analysed using multivariate statistics. Dr Morrell will do so and use focus groups and interviews to strengthen and sense-check analysis. Via Warwick Business School (WBS), public lectures, vodcasts, a colloquium, a dedicated microsite and social media; through WMP, and print media, he will lead a public conversation about the relationship between the public and police, using a vast body of evidence to inform questions on police governance and policy.
Norbury, Professor Courtenay MD140035
Professor, Royal Holloway, University of London, Psychology
Psychology / Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social communication disorder: links to language and educational well-being
Sum Awarded from BA: £116,085.60
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) is a new diagnosis that requires affected children to demonstrate deficits in both conversation and language use in context, for example to understand ambiguous phrases such as “she’s a cold person”. Exclusion criteria include poor vocabulary and grammar, and behaviours that characterise autism. This controversial diagnosis currently lacks agreed methods of assessment, evidence that conversational and contextual language deficits “go together” or evidence that current criteria yield everyday difficulties. The Fellowship will use existing data from a population study of language development over the first four years of school. Parent/teacher ratings, direct assessment, and observation of conversation, language, and behaviour are available for 600 children. Measures of academic progress provide an index of functional impact. Analyses will result in four academic papers, a meeting to establish agreement on best practice, and films, articles and seminars for parents, professionals and the public to explain what SCD is and how it affects a child’s life.
Oldfield, Dr Paul MD140020
Lecturer in Medieval History, University of Manchester, History
History / Medieval History - History
Urban Panegyric and the Transformation of the Medieval City, 1100-1300
Sum Awarded from BA: £42,040.80
This project offers the first extensive examination of the development, use and significance of urban panegyric in the Central Middle Ages, a literary genre which enjoyed a marked and renewed popularity in the period 1100 to 1300. It will consider cities throughout western Europe, and will connect the production of urban panegyric to two major underlying transformations in the medieval city. First, it will explore how the physical and functional changes in medieval cities, which expanded dramatically in size between 1100 and 1300, influenced the production of laudatory material on the city, and what, vice-versa, that material can reveal about urban transitions. Second, it will locate the role of urban panegyric in the wider ideological battle which orbited around the concept of the medieval city as new and renewed discourses emerged after c.1100 which contested the notion of the evil versus the good city. The project will result in a major monograph (with Oxford University Press), an associated journal article, an article in a popular history magazine, and a schools project.
Prag, Dr Jonathan MD150002
Associate Professor, University of Oxford, Faculty of Classics
Classics and Ancient History / History of Rome, Italy and the Roman provinces
Remodelling Roman Imperialism
Sum Awarded from BA: £112,977.88
The Roman Republic was remarkable for the speed, extent and success of its imperial expansion, seizing lasting control of the entire Mediterranean basin and beyond within a couple of centuries. Despite the relevance of imperialism to the modern world, our understanding of that process remains limited, and academic exploration of the subject has largely stalled in recent decades. This project aims to transform our appreciation of Roman imperialism and its impact upon the peoples of the Mediterranean, by building an online digital resource which presents and analyses for the first time key datasets for Roman imperial behaviour over time and space, including: Rome’s use of auxiliaries; military campaigns; legionary dispositions; provincial commands; triumphs. A detailed case-study of the first of these datasets will be developed as a monograph on the auxiliaries of the Roman Republic. The potential datasets and scope will be discussed in two workshops at the outset of the project and a conference at the end of the project will reconsider Roman imperialism in light of the new datasets.
Rieder, Dr Clemens MD150000
Faculty Academic Fellow, University of Lancaster, Law
Law / European Union Law
Cross-Border Movement of Patients: The Welfare State in the Context of European Integration
Sum Awarded from BA: £38,318.40
The most recent financial crisis has shown that it is no longer possible, if it ever really was, to clearly separate the national welfare state from the supranational market. In accordance with neofunctionalist logic (Haas, 1958) European integration has begun to “spill over” into the welfare state, accompanied by heated political debate. It is possible, as Somek (2011) suggests, that the social question “may turn out to be the death knell of integration.” Needless to say, it is difficult to think of a more relevant field of analysis. This study examines the social question in the specific context of public health care. Key aspects of discussion will be boundaries and solidarity, which are examined from a doctrinal as well as a normative perspective. Since both aspects also feature prominently in relation to welfare, conclusions that Dr Rieder draws in the narrow field of health care may also be of fundamental relevance for the relationship between the EU and the welfare state in general.
Rose, Dr Stephen MD140016
Reader in Music, Royal Holloway, University of London, Music
Music / History & Criticism of Music: Baroque/Classical
Musical Authorship from Schütz to Bach
Sum Awarded from BA: £99,460.80
What did it mean to author a piece of music in the late 17th century? How did princely and church authorities seek to control the creativity of their musicians? Were composers expected to show originality or emulate existing musical authorities? Was music owned by aristocrats, composers or by God himself? These and other questions will be addressed by this project, which asks how notions of musical authorship changed in German-speaking lands between Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672) and Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). The late 17th century saw changes in musical styles (the rise of the church cantata) and in dissemination methods (the collapse of music-printing), and also wider shifts in notions of the self. Studying musical authorship shows how German musicians acknowledged aspects of individual talent within a theocentric worldview, a hybrid mindset that was a prerequisite for the compositional achievements of Bach and others. Outputs of the project are a monograph, “Musical Authorship from Schütz to Bach”, and public engagement events including a study day at the British Library.
Rosen, Dr Adam MD140033
Reader, University College London, Economics
Economics / Econometrics
Implementation of New Econometric Methods Allowing for Set Identification
Sum Awarded from BA: £114,319.20
Dr Rosen’s research to date has focused primarily on econometric theory and methodology. In this research he has studied models that relax some of the modelling assumptions that applied researchers typically impose for convenience of analysis, but that may not be grounded in economic theory. His aim with this research is to enable the use of these less restrictive models in order to enhance the credibility of empirical findings. The purpose of this Fellowship would be to support research that focuses on the implementation of these methods for use in applications, as well as dissemination to a wider audience of applied economists. Dr Rosen’s research focuses primarily on models that yield set identification, and on the inference issues this entails. These developments are important for buttressing the credibility of empirical findings, but are often not easy to implement. He aims to implement these recently developed methods in his own applications. In the process he will develop computer programs that can be leveraged for other applications of the methodology, and made publicly available.
Sampson, Dr Lisa MD140057
Associate Professor in Italian Studies, University of Reading, Dept of Modern Languages and European Studies
Modern Languages / Theatre History - Modern Languages
Theatre in the Academies of Early Modern Italy: festivity, learning, and cultural transformations
Sum Awarded from BA: £75,841.60
Italian theatre was transformed over the period 1500-1700, with the rise of professional companies (commedia dell’arte), permanent playhouses, new dramatic forms like opera, and the effects of Catholic reform and censorship. The proposed project maps out a new field in early modern theatre history relevant to all these aspects. It presents a first in-depth study of theatre in the learned societies known as Academies, which constitute a vital dimension of Italian culture in the period. The research uncovers the range and significance of academy plays, performances, critical theory, theatre spaces and archives. It questions how academies – compared with courts, universities and schools – represented individual/ collective social identities? How far did they pioneer intellectual innovations in drama? Or communicate heterodox ideas? What spaces did academies offer to marginal political “players”, like women and actors? The project thus aims to (re)evaluate the social, institutional and ideological functions of theatre and cultural production at a pivotal period of European history.
Scheipers, Dr Sibylle MD150003
Senior Lecturer in International Relations, University of St Andrews, School of International Relations
Politics / Strategic Studies
Clausewitz and irregular warfare: the state, the military and the people
Sum Awarded from BA: £84,488.80
The proposed project intends to initiate a conceptually informed debate over the strategic potentials and pitfalls involved in states' cooperation with irregular fighters. From Afghanistan in 2001 to Syria and Iraq in 2014, such cooperation has not only been essential to western states' strategy-making; it has also been at the root of some of the greatest strategic problems and disasters. Yet, there is a striking dearth of discussion and scholarly research on this issue in contemporary strategic studies and related disciplines. In order to lay the foundations of a much needed debate, the project will take Carl von Clausewitz's writings on irregular warfare as a starting point. Even though Clausewitz's treatment of irregular warfare was nowhere systematic, his military experience and his study of strategic matters equipped him with unique insights into the relationship between irregular warfare and the state. The project aims to render these insights, which have so far been largely neglected by scholars, fruitful for both the academic and the wider public debate.
Turner, Dr Marion MD140047
Associate Professor and Tutor in English at Jesus College, Oxford, University of Oxford, English Faculty
English Language and Literature / Old and Middle English language and literature
Sum Awarded from BA: £95,775.50
This project is an innovative biography of Chaucer, commissioned by Princeton University Press. Geoffrey Chaucer takes the reader through Chaucer’s life by focusing on places that mattered to him. A spatial focus enables Dr Turner to make organic connections between Chaucer’s life, his world, and his writings, and to reconstruct aspects of his imagination in vivid and detailed form. Each chapter takes a geographical locale, such as Navarre or Aldgate, an abstract location such as the household or chamber, or a “literary” or imagined place such as Troy or the Milky Way and traces part of Chaucer’s life and work through that place. Its interdisciplinary focus on places, things, texts, and the construction of selfhood allows the book to move beyond traditional biography, and has the potential to transform our understanding of Chaucer. Dr Turner will take her research interests into schools to develop projects about regions and literature across time, using school visits and social media. The Press is offering substantial publicity and she hopes to work on a tie-in television programme.
Vasudevan, Dr Alexander MD140044
Assistant Professor of Cultural and Historical Geography, University of Nottingham, School of Geography
Geography / Urban Studies
The Precarious City: Insecure Life in Contemporary Europe
Sum Awarded from BA: £89,735.20
A growing number of Europeans are living uncertain lives as an increasingly permanent sense of insecurity has become a central feature of the contemporary urban experience. While recent social scientific scholarship has defined the expansion of labour and life insecurity as a form of "precarity", public and academic understanding of the geographical dimensions of precarious living and its impact on how we think about and inhabit cities remains limited. In response, the proposed research examines how cities have become key laboratories for new social and economic practices associated with the production of precarious insecure lives. The research focuses on three European cities - London, Berlin and Paris - and draws on interviews conducted with relevant community stakeholders: precarious workers and migrant rights' organisations, tenant groups, and artist collectives. At the heart of the project is a concern with precarity as a geographical process (where, who and how?) and the development of a critical framework that responds to challenges both national and global.
Wills, Professor Siobhan MD140040
Professor, University of Ulster, Transitional Justice Institute/Law
Law / International Law (Public)
An Investigation of Use of Force by UN Peacekeeping Missions
Sum Awarded from BA: £79,305.60
The Rules of Engagement (ROE) for current UN missions suggest that the UN may be developing its own sui generis rules governing intentional use of deadly force in Ch.VII mandated peacekeeping missions, for use in both armed conflict and non-armed conflict contexts, not only for self-defence and civilian protection but for law enforcement. For example some missions are permitted to use 'deadly force,' if lesser means are ineffective, to ‘prevent or put a stop to acts of civil unrest' even when there is no threat to life and no armed conflict. However under international humanitarian and human rights laws (IHL & IHRL), and the criminal law of many States, the right to use intentional deadly force against civilians is very limited, except to defend life. This project will assess the ROE of five UN missions against the UN’s IHL & IHRL obligations, and those of contributing States, in light of the implications of a Chapter VII mandate. The effects of ROE in the field will be studied through sources such as NGO and UN reports and through a study of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti.
Youdell, Professor Deborah MD140037
Professor of Sociology of Education; Director of the University of Birmingham Public Service Academy, University of Birmingham, Department of Education and Social Justice and Public Service Academy, College of Social Science
Sociology / Sociology of Science and Technology
The body social: synthesising sociology and biology to re-conceptualise student identity
Sum Awarded from BA: £117,741.60
Advances in genetics and brain science are creating new knowledge about identity and development that captures the headlines and is informing policy on education, health, social care and criminal justice. Yet public understanding of these new ideas and their implications is limited. This programme brings together evidence from sociology, biology and neuroscience to understand and disseminate what these disciplines can tell each other about the making of children and young people’s bodies, minds, and social and learner identities. It includes a focused review of literature from across the target disciplines, consultation with biological and social scientists, and a series of inter-disciplinary expert workshops. Public engagement is at the heart of the programme which will deliver a series of bespoke interactive workshops and events for professionals, volunteers, community members, parents/guardians, and children and young people. Articles for key journals spanning the relevant disciplines will be produced along with a proposal for a book that will showcase the work of the Fellowship.
Young, Dr Ruth MD140024
Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, University of Leicester, School of Archaeology and Ancient History
Archaeology / Colonial and world archaeology
Historical Archaeology, Heritage and Memory in the Middle East
Sum Awarded from BA: £103,456
Current events across the Middle East make it clear that there is a pressing need to engage local people with their own cultural heritage and heritage management, not only so that they are involved and represented in critical presentations of their own past, but are also aware of the need to protect resources which have great potential value for them, both economic and social. Through the completion of a ground breaking monograph this project seeks to establish historical archaeology in the Middle East and to provide new ways in which the memorable past can be exploited for its social and economic value in contemporary heritage developments. Central case studies in this book are the fieldprojects that Dr Young has directed in Iran and Oman, where archaeology, ethnographic interviews, and heritage concerns have been drawn together to provide a completely new approach to understanding the recent past. Work on this monograph is well advanced and the aim of this Fellowship is to enable Dr Young to complete the text of this original and timely volume.
Zellentin, Dr Holger MD150004
Associate Professor in Jewish Studies, University of Nottingham, Theology and Religious Studies
Religious Studies / Islam
The Qur’an between Judaism and Christianity
Sum Awarded from BA: £98,260
Translating the rhetoric and worldview of the Qur’an to the Western public in clear and accurate terms remains prerequisite to advancing two central debates of our time: how Western religious and secular self-identities relate to Islam, and how religious minorities are perceived in the UK. The proposed project tackles this translational challenge by combining the (usually separate) fields of Qur’anic, Jewish, and Christian studies. It pursues two interdependent goals. It formulates a new synthesis of how the Qur’an relates to the Judaism and Christianity of its time. It also shows how our historical understanding of the Qur’an enhances and is in turn enhanced by knowledge of the Late Antique religions in its penumbra, especially Palestinian rabbinic Judaism and Syriac Christianity. This project will contribute to the public debate on religious self-identity; assist Christian, Jewish and Muslim religious organisations seeking to redefine their relationship to each other; and inform educators and local and national policy makers dealing with ethno-religious interaction and conflict.