Towards Polarised Differentiation: Changing Configurations of European Integration
The last few weeks have witnessed the final steps in the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, which aims to smooth the workings of the European Union project. A year ago, the British Academy sponsored a research workshop at Cardiff University on ‘differentiated’ integration in Europe – that is, integration in which not all European partners participate. The workshop brought together over 20 researchers from across Europe to examine the relevance of different theoretical frameworks for explaining the extent of differentiated integration in Europe. Professor Kenneth Dyson FBA, the organiser of the conference, reflects on some of the issues.
• Kenneth Dyson
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