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Mapping Borders: Ceasefire violations across the India-Pakistan Line of Control

Principal Investigator: Dr Rudra Chaudhuri, King's College London


The project aims to create the first open access data set on ceasefire violations across the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Indian and Pakistani administered Kashmir. There is an extensive body of work on the Kashmir dispute, but no testable data on ceasefire violations between these nuclear-armed nations. Such violations have brought both nations to the brink of war. In 2016, tensions were high because of major violations in January and September. Governments in the region and especially in the UK were alarmed over the prospect for escalation. Scholars and those within the UK’s FCO realised that the lack of data on violations made judgements and predictions hard if not impossible. Basic questions, such as what a violation means to both sides, remain a mystery. The project team have spent the last decade working on the India-Pakistan conflict and led HMG funded projects (over £1 million) briefing stakeholders and training diplomats. These experiences have underlined the need for a testable data set that promises to create new knowledge on a dispute as old as the partition of India.

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