Funding Source: Newton Fund under the responsibility of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
The Newton Fund was launched in 2014 and originally consisted of £75 million each year for 5 years. In the 2015 UK Spending Review it was agreed to extend and expand the Fund. The Newton Fund was extended from 2019 to 2021 and expanded by doubling the £75 million investment to £150 million by 2021, leading to a £735 million UK investment to 2021, with partner countries providing matched resources within the Fund. These awards are funded by the Newton Fund, which is part of the UK's Official Development Assistance (ODA) commitment.
Newton Advanced Fellowships
Dr Rudi Rocha Federal, University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Professor Sonia Bhalotra, University of Essex
Access to Health Care, Health Outcomes and Hospital Performance in Brazilian Cities
AF160082 Three-Year £84,155
In September 2015, economists from 44 countries signed the Economists Declaration on Universal Health Coverage, calling upon global policymakers to prioritize it as a pillar of sustainable development. The Declaration was published in The Lancet and publicized in The New York Times. Brazil is exemplary among developing countries in having instituted universal health coverage. However the system is struggling under a growing burden of chronic disease, alongside continued high levels of infectious disease. The government has responded by introducing in 2003 a National Policy on Emergency Care. This project assesses the impacts of innovations within this new scheme on mortality and hospitalization rates and on the efficiency of the health system. This will involve a major effort of matching administrative with census data into a geocoded longitudinal data set, at the census tract or hospital level, and employing a state of the art econometric approach to evaluate the policy impact.
Dr Leonardo Weller, Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV)
Dr Ali Coskun Tuncer, University College London
The relation between democracy, autocracy and sovereign debt in Brazil: How polity shaped government-creditor relations in the first age of globalisation.
AF160123 Three-Year £96,399
Sovereign debt is a financial as well as a political topic. Politics shapes the way governments borrow and repay. The existing historical literature on the pre-1914 sovereign debt market focuses on creditors (the supply side) and assumes that autocratic regimes are more likely to default than democracies. This project claims that this model is oversimplified. Focusing on major debtors (the demand side) from 1870 to 1914, it researches a range of combinations between polity and credit records: Russia and Mexico, which were autocratic and creditworthy; the Ottoman Empire and Egypt, autocratic defaulters that became creditworthy; Argentina and Spain, democracies that built a reputation after defaulting; Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria, which were democratic defaulters; Chile and Brazil, oligarchic regimes whose records oscillated between good and bad; and Romania, Portugal and Uruguay, creditworthy democracies. Based on these cases, we will construct a new econometric model to assess the relationship between polity and credit risk. Economic history is relatively undeveloped in Brazil and the research resources in the field are not comparable with Britain's. The project will contribute greatly to its improvement. It will enable the inclusion of the applicant and his institution in a broad and global network of researchers and the interaction of leading scholars from abroad with students and academics from Brazil. The project will also enable the training of the applicant in political science and quantitative methods which will be transferred through interactions with students and fellow researchers in classes, seminars and other future projects in Brazil. The project will produce new insight on the relation between politics and sovereign debt today. This is relevant for countries such as Brazil that have a record of debt mismanagement and new democratic institutions.
Dr Claudia Beltrao da Rosa, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro UNIRIO
Dr Federico Santangelo, Newcastle University
Images of the gods: the discourse on cult statues in Cicero and late Republican debates on Roman religion – building research capacity and collaborative international partnerships.
AF160128 Three-Year £98,810
This Fellowship will support the development of an outstanding Brazilian scholar, working with colleagues at Newcastle to enable the completion of a major study and to improve research capacity within Classics and Ancient History at her home institution and across Brazil. The focus of the project will be the discourse on cult statues in the work of the Roman intellectual and politician Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC). Close attention will be given to the role of the engagement with divine images in Cicero’s reflection on the interplay between religion and politics in Republican Rome. This major study will lead to the applicant’s first substantial publication in English. For Brazil, this process would match the current expansion trend in Humanities graduate programs, at a time when Brazilian historians are increasingly keen to pursue the serious study of historical problems that are not only those of their home country. Graduate programs in the Humanities are a relatively new development in Brazil, and the evaluating bodies of Brazilian graduate and research programs are increasingly interested in pursuing the study of periods and themes beyond national history. The outputs, three international colloquia, as well as seminars to be held in Rio de Janeiro and at two universities located in the poorest regions in terms of economic and social development (the Midwest and the Northeast), will contribute to disseminating knowledge and good practice of historical research to a broad set of academic audiences with an interest in the Roman world, and more broadly in the interaction between politics and religion: scholars working in Classics, Anthropology, Law, and Philosophy. The Fellowship will enable training for the researcher at Newcastle and will support the creation of a collaborative partnership between UNIRIO and Newcastle, providing a platform for further intellectual and scholarly exchange between British and Brazilian researchers in the field.
Dr Silvia Marina Pinheiro, Fundação Getulio Vargas
Dr Diane Holt, University of Essex
Inclusion and Formalization of Amazonian Informal Entrepreneurs into MNC Value Chains: Mechanisms, Partnerships and Impacts
AF160034 Three-Year £104,030
This research focuses on the inclusion of indigenous and ‘traditional peoples’ living in forest reserves in the Brazilian state of Amazonas into Multi-National Corporations (MNC)’s value chains. Utilising a value chain framework the research focuses on low-income producers, local stakeholders and the key actors in the sustainable extraction of productive assets from the Amazon rainforest, especially in enhancing the benefits gained by the poorest in these communities. The research examines the formalization of informal entrepreneurs, identifying specific mechanisms used by MNCs to promote their inclusion into value chains, partnerships between State, NGOs, communities, or law enforcement and resultant impacts on local producers and their communities. Recommendations will be drafted to promote the equitable inclusion of ‘traditional peoples’ into inclusive value chains and promote their formalization; as a mechanism to support poverty alleviation and sustainable development.
Professor Maria Fernanda Peres, University of Sao Paulo
Professor Manuel Peter Eisner, University of Cambridge
Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Violent Behaviour in Sao Paulo, Brazil: The Sao Paulo Project on the Social Development of Children (SP-PROSO)
AF160099 Three-Year £81,000
The focus of this proposal is the investigation of risk and protective factors for violent behaviour and victimization among adolescents in Brazil, in a comparative, cross-cultural perspective. This will be reached by two main activities. The first is the conduction of a school based cross-sectional survey in Sao Paulo, using the same methodology previously used in Zurich and in Montevideo. At the same time, the applicant will participate in the development of a protocol for a longitudinal multi-county comparative study, the Evidence for Better Life project, leaded by the co-applicant. The training component will consist in group discussions, workshops and short courses in UK institutions with emphasis in data analysis. A violence prevention intervention and a training module on youth violence prevention will be formulated. This project has a strong potential to result in practical interventions that will contribute to prevent, control and reduce violence levels in Brazil.
Dr Raphael Corbi, University of Sao Paulo
Professor Paolo Surico, London Business School
Fiscal Policy and Labour Market Outcomes: Quasi-experimental Evidence from Brazil
AF160119 Three-Year £75,700
This project proposes to evaluate the ability of government interventions to stimulate the economy. By exploring a source of exogenous variation in fiscal spending at the municipal level in Brazil, we aim to estimate how many public sector jobs are created due to an increase in public spending and whether this policy exhibits important and hard to measure spillover effects into the income and employment of the private sector. In addition, we will be able to study how heterogeneous these effects are across Brazilian regions, according to their pre-existing economic conditions such as openness to trade and credit market constraints. A complementary aim of this research is to increase our understanding of the effects of fiscal policy on both income inequality and consumption inequality at the municipal level of disaggregation.
Dr Santhidran Sinnappan, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Dr Giuseppe Alessandro Veltri, University of Leicester
Engaging with Road Safety among Youth through Social Media
AF160094 Two-Year £23,640
Changing the behaviour of road users towards safer behaviours has been a subject of much interest to researchers, practitioners and policy-makers. It can be argued that the main thinking in this area has been much influenced by behavioural assumptions of rational behaviour. However, policymakers have seized on the idea that a better understanding of individual agent behaviour enables more effective policy to be carried out by ‘nudging’. A main implication of behavioural research is that it is possible to apply insights from bounded rationality theory to correct mistakes by citizens or to induce certain types of conduct in cases in which their behaviour is inconsistent. We aim to apply this approach in combination with network science insights through online social media. The goal of this project is designing and testing information provision about road safety disseminated by social networks means online targeting Malaysian youths to identify a potentially effective campaign.
Dr Ken Kyid Yeoh, University of Nottingham (Malaysia)
Professor Emmanuel Adegbite, De Montfort University
The Nature and Extent of CSR Stakeholder Engagement in the UK and Malaysia
AF160089 Two-Year £25,313
Even though firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance is dependent upon meeting the expectations and demands of various stakeholder groups, indications are that managers often make uninformed presumptions or misinterpret what these actual demands mean. This is especially prevalent in emerging economies where CSR decision-making is frequently non-strategic. Using a mixed methods approach (interviews and questionnaires), we explore how managers in 200 large Malaysian and UK firms undertake CSR in meeting stakeholder expectations. In addition, we will scrutinize stakeholder engagement of the Malaysian subsidiaries of UK firms to determine whether strategies employed are distinctive from those of their local peers. This will enhance our understanding of how CSR processes differ according to cultural and institutional differences. Implications of our research are relevant to the Fellowship’s aims of improving industry practice in both countries, enhancing research skills of applicants and the reputation of their respective institutions.
Dr Weng-Tink Chooi, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Professor Robert Logie, University of Edinburgh
Serial order memory efficiency in working memory (dual n-back) training – exploring implications for Malaysia’s education and health sectors.
AF160093 Two-Year £27,375
Cognitive Neuroscience/Psychology is still a relatively young field in Malaysia. While interest in the field is growing as psychology in general gains more attention in the country, there remains a need for established experts to help promote its growth and development. Cognitive training, specifically working memory training, has gained much attention in educational and health care settings. Over the past decade, there are multiple studies suggesting that repetitive practice of increasing levels of difficulty (adaptive training) in working memory are beneficial in improving academic achievements, and clinical symptoms in attention deficit disorder, schizophrenia, stroke, and after head injuries. Although these studies show positive effects of working memory training, accumulated studies on working memory training do not provide conclusive evidence for concrete and lasting benefits of such training. The award will enable the Applicant to establish their own cognitive psychologylaboratory in Malaysia. This could be one of the few cognitive neuroscience/psychology laboratories in the country that trains future cognitive psychologists in Malaysia.
Dr Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Dr Matthew Flynn, Newcastle University
Managing a greying social care workforce: a Malaysian ageing population imperative – exploring health management and employment issues.
AF160205 Two-Years £66,140
Ageing populations are putting pressure on the Malaysian eldercare sector as carers are at risk of being pushed out of work due to stress, physical strain or health problems. “Light-touch” healthcare interventions can benefit both carers (by avoiding early labour market exits) and employers (by retaining valued workers). In this project, Dr Minhat will work with colleagues at Newcastle University Institute for Ageing to identify and test interventions to support older social carers manage health issues. The project has four strands: 1) interviews with carers focused on their health concerns and support they need to maintain employment; 2) working with social care providers and employee representatives to identify and trial health care interventions; 3) a self-administered questionnaire of social care employers in both countries to test the feasibility and business case for such interventions and 4) a comparison of approaches in the UK and Malaysia. This Fellowship will build on collaborative relationships with practitioners who can use the research findings to support employers in the social care industry to make best use of older talent while supporting older carers in managing health and work.
Dr Mauricio I. Dussauge-Laguna, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)
Professor Martin Lodge, London School of Economics and Political Science
Regulatory Capitalism and Development in Latin America: The Mexican Experience in Comparative Perspective
AF160229 Three-Year £111,000
Regulation and “regulatory capitalism” have become central topics for academics and policymakers around the world. In developed countries such as the UK, the quality, performance, and reputation of regulatory instruments and agencies are under increasing scrutiny. Scholars are even asking whether regulation is in crisis. Meanwhile, in Mexico and Latin American countries, there is much debate about the kind of regulatory institutions that should be devised to cope with new markets, emerging risks, and policy reforms. This project will try to bridge both discussions in theoretical and empirical terms. It will explore whether some kind of “regulatory capitalism” has diffused across these regions, how, and with what consequences. It will compare at one level the UK and Mexico, and at another Mexico and Latin American countries. Research will provide fresh empirical information to enrich international debates, and comparative policy lessons that may inform public decisions and policymaking processes related to advancing economic development in Mexico.
Dr Jorge Manuel Herrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
Professor Jon Adams, University of Southampton
Maritime Archaeology of the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) – investigating new insights and approaches to promote cultural tourism.
AF160206 Three-Year £97,030
Archaeology in Mexico plays a central part in the construction of its national identity. Mexico has immense coastal zones and marine surfaces, which should be considered for proper archaeological research, but maritime archaeology has lacked the momentum which can propel it to further development. Currently, archaeology is typically restricted to the study of terrestrial cultures. Maritime sites, as part of the broader spectrum of archaeology, are not reflected in university programmes nor in professional common practice. Maritime archaeology is almost non-existent. This programme will allow UNAM to put maritime archaeology into the intellectual forefront of academic discussion within the Mexican scientific community. The study will build up a cross-cultural and transdisciplinary approach, as it will incorporate an academic interplay involving maritime archaeology, maritime geophysics, history, ship science, historical cartography, and conflict and landscape archaeologies. The project will investigate the maritime aspects of the Mexican-American War in order to understand and explain the strategic decisions undertaken to control the maritime landscape of the Gulf of Mexico. In doing so, the project will archaeologically research a series of coastal and riverine Mexican defensive fortifications; the shipwreck site of the USS Somers, a vessel lost in action off the port of Veracruz during this war; and the movements and strategies of squadrons and individual ships from both countries involved. Hence, the research will construct a better understanding frame of the maritime aspects of this war. Once formally established, maritime archaeology will provide a more complete and broader view of the nation’s past for the benefit of wider society. As well, it will add a new spectrum of opportunities to newcomers to the field. This award will directly impact the development of maritime archaeology in Mexico. Furthermore, tourism is the second major economic industry in the country, just behind oil. Millions of visitors travel to Mexico to visit archaeological sites. When maritime archaeology is truly developed in the country, it has potential to add new incentives for cultural tourism.
Professor Giovanni Mantilla, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)
Professor Fionnuala Ni Aolain, University of Ulster
Conflict, Legal Compliance, and Democracy: Addressing the Complexities of Humanitarian Law in Mexico, the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, and Colombia
AF160252 Three-Year £89,247
This project investigates the construction and implementation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in states facing serious security threats. We propose to study and compare Mexico and the United Kingdom (UK) as core cases, and Colombia as a supplementary case. Widely divergent in their history and geopolitical standing, these countries have all historically confronted serious internal threats while being formally committed to IHL and human rights regionally and internationally. We focus on both the influence of these three countries in the making of IHL, as well as on the influence of IHL, human rights, and international criminal law on the conflict dynamics, security policies, and rights protection in each country. This project will contribute substantive policy-relevant knowledge, advance the Applicant's career, and establish a robust UK-Mexico research network aiming for sustained, long-term collaboration.
Dr Luis Rocha-Lona, Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Dr Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes, University of Derby
Adoption of Green Technologies and Sustainability Standards for Emerging Economies: The Case of Mexico
AF160218 Three-Year £101,700
Sustainable Development has become a major challenge for governments, companies, and all stakeholders involved. Concerns about negative impacts of industrial activity on the environment, society, and the economy have led to an international debate of what should be done to tackle these problems. Emerging economies are reported to be some of the main areas of opportunity to mitigate social inequality, greenhouse emissions, and to foster economic development. Under this context, the objective of this project is to conduct an investigation of the adoption of green technologies and energy sustainability standards in Mexico considering best practices in the UK. There is little research documenting these adoptions in the Mexican industrial environment and its benefits to economic development. Thus, the adoption of such technologies and energy sustainability standards are key factors that can foster regional development, help to mitigate social inequalities, and provide a better quality of life.
Dr Ulises Xolocotzin Eligio, Center for Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV)
Dr Matthew Inglis, Loughborough University
Individual Differences in Attention in the Mathematics Classroom – democratising access to algebra in primary education in Mexico
AF160191 Three-Year £67,750
Mexico is failing to deliver the mathematics literacy that individuals require to succeed in an increasingly quantitative society. The struggle with algebra is a global educational problem with harsh consequences in Mexico. These however can be alleviated by introducing key algebraic ideas in primary education. This proposal aims to democratise access to algebra in primary school. Since the function concept embodies some of these ideas, the nurturing of functional reasoning is a promising approach to early algebra. However, pilot research indicates that Mexican children are likely to struggle with functional reasoning. Mexican children from diverse public schools invest their attention whilst reasoning about functional tasks. First, we will conduct a survey to find individual, contextual and instructional variables likely to influence functional reasoning. Then we will conduct eye-movement studies to identify the attentional strategies employed by successful functional reasoners. The project will influence academic and teaching audiences through workshops in which researchers will be introduced to eye-tracking and teachers will be guided to nourish successful functional reasoning strategies in the classroom. This project will offer research-based information for deciding whether algebraic ideas should be introduced in primary education and how. This will help to modernize the mathematics curriculum, the training of student teachers, and the professional development of teachers.
Dr Gisela Zaremberg, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) Sede Mexico
Dr Valeria Guarneros-Meza, De Montfort University
Conversing with Goliath? Participation, Mobilisation and Repression around Neo-extractionist and Environmental Conflicts
AF160219 Three-Year £78,224
Despite the normative framework promoting consultation of communities, violent conflicts have increased in Mexico during recent implementation of mineral, hydrocarbon and alternative energy projects. Demand for the professionalisation of public policy makers in the regulation of these industries is imperative in Mexico. The increase of conflict in a context of low statehood, alongside the presence of armed actors, makes this demand an urgent need for government officers, members of civil organisations defending environmental and human rights and businesspeople to implement socially responsible projects. Alluding to the project’s title, it appears as if the metaphorical conversation between David (communities) and Goliath (private sector), has encountered obstacles in its implementation. Isolated academic research prompts this project to systematise information regarding these conflicts in Mexico (national and subnational levels). Focus will be placed on: involved actors (communities, companies and governments), their relationships and repertoires of action, their type of demands, regulation and use of judicial strategies and the capacity of governmental intervention. A typology of governance frameworks in managing conflicts will be offered and causal arguments will be examined between the above mentioned factors and results impacting economic, human-rights, political and environmental spheres. This proposal builds upon an existing collaboration between Mexican and British research teams. It proposes to provide actors with systematised information that can analytically contribute to understanding the factors that help to improve participatory governance and management of conflict, while achieving acceptable benefits for communities. The project will make a valuable contribution to the understanding of social conflicts around neo-extractivist and environmental projects in Mexico.
Dr Arlene Archer, University of Cape Town
Professor Carey Jewitt, University College London
The Impact of Digital Forms of Writing on Access and Diversity in Higher Education
AF160189 Three-Year £76,234
South Africa is a developing country with vastly inequitable access to material, cultural and educational resources. This project will develop a sustainable research community to investigate the changing status and forms of writing in Higher Education in a digital age with a focus on student access and diversity. Contemporary writing is marked by an increasing multiplicity and integration of different forms of meaning-making, including images, sound, layout. Technological changes are transforming how writing is produced, distributed and accessed. This has implications for teaching writing in Higher Education particularly as writing remains the main mode of assessment. Specific aspects focused on include academic voice and argument; access to different modes and media; ways of teaching and assessing writing. This research is important in developing contexts like South Africa and globally where diversity is a feature of Higher Education and will thus contribute to advancing economic development in previously disadvantaged communities.
Dr Stephanie Cawood, University of the Free State
Dr Jonathan Vincent William Fisher, University of Birmingham
Memorializing struggle: Dynamics of memory, space and power in post-liberation Africa – building research capacity, creating knowledge and strengthening regional and international collaborations.
AF160100 Three-Year £62,904
This project aims to develop a partnership between institutions in South Africa and the UK, one which will have a significant impact on the career development of the applicant. The research proposed will compare how liberation struggles have been memorialized in South Africa under the African National Congress (ANC) and Uganda under the National Resistance Movement (NRM). The aim is twofold: 1) to explore how these practices are used and contested within legitimisation strategies of post-liberation regimes; 2) to build and develop a sustainable partnership between the institutions involved. The proposed research project will contribute towards the wider South African social and economic development through four main aspects: 1) the development of human capital through the Applicant and her network including postgraduate students; 2) creating knowledge bases through research and knowledge production; 3) distributing and applying knowledge created in this collaboration through journal articles and a teaching resource in the MPhil Africa Studies at the University of the Free State and maintaining the knowledge by transmitting it to postgraduate students. The added benefit will be in strengthening regional ties in Africa. For South Africa, a country often accused of assuming a hegemonic role in Africa, building strong, positive relations with countries from regional blocs beyond SADC is crucial for its sustainable growth and development.
Dr Shari Daya, University of Cape Town
Dr Alexandra Louise Hughes, Newcastle University
Sustainable and ethical consumption - Consumer Ethics in Post-apartheid South Africa.
AF160043 Three-Year £75,988
Cities are both essential to national social and economic development and sites of intense contestation over identity and belonging. Expanding our research capacity to understand these dynamics and their implications for the future is essential to ensure development that is both environmentally and socially sustainable. This Fellowship aims to deepen understanding of how consumption, ethical judgements about food, and identity intersect in post-apartheid South African cities. Most research assumes that agents of ethical consumption are in the global North, while poor producers are in the South. We challenge this narrow conceptualisation of Southern economic actors, using the framework of ordinary ethics to expand what counts as ethical, and to interrogate how changing values and ideals relating to consumption, particularly among rapidly growing middle classes, may advance understanding of how identities of race and class are also shifting. Such an understanding will benefit both retailers and civil society organisations in South Africa, and UK businesses seeking ethical markets in the global South. The Fellowship will build a fuller appreciation of how ethical consumption and sustainability are imagined by diverse citizen groups, taking seriously the everyday practices of shopping, cooking and eating that contribute to shaping social relations in the turbulent contemporary moment in South Africa. This project will help fill the gap that exists between discourses of sustainability and ethical consumption on the one hand, and ordinary citizens’ experiences and feelings about consumption on the other. It will build much needed research capacity in South Africa in the social sciences and humanities, by extending the applicant’s research training and international networks, by contributing to the training of a research assistant (and a wider network of doctoral and post-doctoral researchers in Western Cape HE institutions) in the field of consumer ethics, and by enabling this researcher to develop their research skills and simultaneously benefit from sustained contact with an international research network. The project’s engagement with young and emerging scholars, as well as its production of scholarly publications and public and non-academic outputs, will ensure that a diverse group of users benefits from the research. It aims to contribute to public understandings of the social and cultural dimensions of ethical consumption.
Dr Lindie Koorts, University of the Free State
Dr Matthew Graham, University of Dundee
The Age of Opportunism: Paul Krugers Transvaal, 1886-1899 – establishing an international network for young South African scholars
AF160207 Three-Year £111,000
The relationship between government and capital remains contentious in South Africa. Newspapers regularly report scandals surrounding tenders; the relationship between the political elite and business; the role of political connections, and allegations of corruption. The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding into the role of transnational networks, both formal and informal, between capital and the state in a society undergoing rapid modernisation within the context of globalisation. It is built on a historical case study, that of the 19th century Transvaal, following the discovery of gold in 1886. This will not only deepen our historical knowledge, but it will also contribute to our understanding of the patterns of behaviour that emerge under such conditions, which are particularly relevant in the contemporary South African context. In this regard, the South African government has launched a National Development Plan, with a vision for 2030. It recognises the challenges of ‘Policy making in a complex environment’. Its objectives include ‘Fighting Corruption’ and ‘Building a capable and developmental state’. It admits that it should take account of office-holders’ family and corporate networks, although this remains a contested affair. This project will expose the intricacies, embeddedness, and fragility of such networks, and make these findings accessible to a wider audience, thereby fostering a deeper understanding of the dynamics of a state and society undergoing comprehensive transformation in a globalising context. this project seeks to cement the process of knowledge exchange, offering practical skills training programmes, and creating closer institutional links in research, teaching and supervision. The study will be anchored around a biography of Paul Kruger, the president of the Transvaal from 1883-1900, thereby making the insights that can be gained from history accessible to the general public, commentators and journalists – and by extension policy makers.
Professor Jaco Barnard Naude, University of Cape Town
Ms Julia Chryssostalis, University of Westminster
An Investigation of Inequality and Poverty due to Spatial Injustice in the Postcolony: Legacies of the Nomos of Apartheid.
AF160177 Three-Year £72,586
Whereas law played a defining role in the constitution and maintenance of colonialism and apartheid in South Africa, the wager of two decades of transformative constitutional democracy has been that the productive power of law can be used to overcome this destructive legacy. Yet, spatial segregation along racial and class lines remains pervasive in post-apartheid South Africa. It is perhaps apartheid's most enduring legacy. The project reads this condition as a spatial injustice that suggests the failure of transformative constitutionalism. This spatial orientation limits opportunities and exacerbates inequality. We attribute the spatial injustice(s) of post-apartheid South Africa primarily to a profound lack of concern in transformative constitutionalism for the spatial dimension of law. The project accordingly seeks to focus attention on law's potential for and role in spatial transformation.
The project aims to develop an enlarged understanding of the nature, causes and effects of apartheid's spatial legacy on persistent inequality and poverty. Through its engagements with architects, town and city planners as well as with social justice activists and government stake holders, the project aims to be a node of knowledge production in this relatively new field of enquiry in South Africa. We also investigate the causes, nature and effect of spatial injustice in the postcolony, with a view to interventions that can contribute to the achievement of a post-apartheid spatial order in South Africa. The potential beneficiaries of this project are the postcolony's urban and rural poor who continue to live on the outskirts of towns and cities as a result of segregationist colonial spatial planning.
Dr Rory Pilossof, University of the Free State
Dr Andrew Peter Cohen, University of Kent
Labour Migration and Labour Relations in South and Southern Africa, c.1900-2000 – informing public debates nationally and regionally.
AF160092 Three-Year £94,000
No platform currently exists that provides data to undertake historical and long-term comparative work on employment and labour development in southern Africa. The primary focus of this project is to make census and labour data from South and southern Africa more accessible to researchers, academics and other interested parties. In doing so, it will offer hitherto unprecedented opportunities for comparative and collaborative work. Labour migration has been of crucial importance in southern Africa for centuries, with large numbers of people having moved across the region to mines, farms and urban centres in South Africa. This continues to this day. We will, therefore, analyse the long-term impact of labour migration in southern Africa; the changes in occupational structures over the course of the twentieth century; and processes and rates of proletarianisation and the legacies of labour surpluses across the region. Given the continued importance of labour and migration in contemporary South Africa this project will provide crucial empirical data which will enable a thorough understanding of the issues. This has the potential to critically inform on-going public debates around labour and migration, both in South Africa and regionally. In doing so it will challenge popularly held, if ill-informed, notions of South African exceptionalism and offer the opportunity to foster greater community cohesion through mutual understanding.
Dr Tamsen Jean Rochat, Human Sciences Research Council
Dr Rebecca Pearson, University of Bristol
Conduct Disorders, Executive Function and Parenting in South African Children
AF160108 Three-Year £96,420
Globally, conduct disorder (CD) is a common, and concerning psychological disorder in children, given associations with adult antisocial behaviour. Children in South Africa (SA) are exposed to epidemic levels of violence and HIV with likely negative developmental effects. Despite this, CD is relatively under-researched in SA. In the United Kingdom (UK) approximately 5% of children have CD, while estimates are double that in SA. Although difficult, CD can be treated. Established UK guidelines on prevention and management of CD could have public health benefit in SA, if aetiologies were established to be similar across settings. This project examines CD in SA establishing rates of clinical CD, investigates the role of early child cognitive and familial risk factors, uses comparative SA-UK data to establish shared risks, and uses sophisticated analytical techniques to establish the direction of effects, potentially leading to innovations in prevention and treatment in SA and the UK.
Professor Hermann Wittenberg, University of the Western Cape
Dr Michelle Kelly, University of Oxford
Coetzee's Other Arts: Visuality, Intermediality and Adaptation – building international links and networks for research in South African humanities.
AF160236 Three-Year £81,000
J.M. Coetzee is one of the most significant contemporary literary figures, with steadily growing international scholarly interest in his writings. This project seeks to contribute a new critical perspective by focusing on the intermedial relationships between Coetzee’s work and other creative and performative media. Coetzee’s writing has increasingly been transposed and adapted by various artists for the screen and stage; and also conversely, various media such as music, film and photography have influenced his fiction. The project's intermedial focus will pay particular attention to creative forms such as painting, sculpture, music, photography, film, dance, opera and theatre, and their often-reciprocal relationships with the novels. The project seeks to develop a more grounded understanding of this complex intermediality, leading to a conference, a book of scholarly essays edited by the applicants, an exhibition of Coetzee's early photographs, and a monograph written by the main applicant that will explore Coetzee's visuality in the published oeuvre and the larger archival record. The project would help to re-invigorate Coetzee studies in South Africa, and the broader theoretical framework of intermediality would be beneficial for a number of other studies. The area of adaptation and intermediality is under-developed in South Africa. The project would develop capacity and supervisory expertise so as to benefit graduate students. Closer linkages and the establishment of research networks with Oxford and other UK institutions would also contribute to much needed internationalisation in the South African humanities and build on a longer history of Oxford - South Africa relations.
Dr Navaporn Sanprasert Snodin, Kasetsart University
Dr Tony Young, Newcastle University
Enhancing the Quality of International Student and Staff Mobility Experience: Narratives from International Students and Academics across Different Regions in Thailand
AF160059 Two-Year £65,920
The HE internationalisation is identified as contributing significantly to Thailand’s economic growth and to its aspirations to become an educational hub in Southeast Asia. Thailand has set targets to recruit 100,000 international students but, in reality, the number of international students is currently around 20,000. More importantly, there is a lack of locally based research that focuses on lived experiences and voices of international students and academics. Such research can inform strategies regarding internationalisation, thus developing and strengthening Thailand’s position. To this end, we propose to investigate the multiple realities of international students and academics in Thai HE by using an ethnographic approach. These people are from many different cultures and, investigating their experiences will enable us to make a contribution to the realisation of effective policy and practice. In addition, a further outcome will be an online database which will be a valuable reference point for developing internationalisation, enabling Thailand to export education services.
Dr Emre Toros, Atilim University
Professor Sarah Birch, King's College London
Understanding and Mitigating Electoral Violence in Turkey
AF160050 Three-Year £81,323
The aim of the proposed project is to analyse electoral violence in Turkey with the help of conceptual, practical and methodological tools developed by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded Explaining and Mitigating Electoral Violence project. Although Turkey is a ‘second wave’ democracy, issues related to the electoral process and electoral violence have risen to the top of the political agenda, especially during the last decade. Focusing on these problems, the project will combine cutting-edge qualitative and quantitative research techniques with state-of-the-art political-science analysis to create a comprehensive picture of electoral violence in Turkey. This project will produce valuable information not only for academics but also for policy makers. Understanding the phenomenon of electoral violence and assessing prevention measures will both help support the democratic process in Turkey. Our project also offers significant training to the Applicant, to post-graduate students and to civil society organizations in Turkey.
Dr Elif Koparal, Hitit University
Professor Sam Turner, Newcastle University
Understanding landscape as cultural heritage - Unlocking the Ionian Landscape: Historic Landscapes of Urla-Çeşme Peninsula (Izmir, Turkey)
AF160103 Three-Year £102,500
This project will develop innovative methods for landscape archaeology through the case-study of the Urla-Çesme Peninsula (Izmir), an area that forms a considerable part of the Ionian landscape. The research will build a new approach to historic landscapes through a series of successive steps. The first step is to analyse datasets collected by the Applicant from 2006-15, and supplement them with targeted geomorphological survey. The second step is to apply a relatively new method, Historic Landscape Characterization (HLC, pioneered in Turkey by the co-applicant), to model and present the changing historic character of the study area. Finally, the project will use the resulting models to facilitate co-creative approaches to landscape with local communities. The aim is to develop skills, create knowledge and promote understanding of landscape as cultural heritage amongst both academic researchers and non-specialist community groups. This will contribute immensely to the improvement and transformation of archaeological practice in Turkey.
Dr Isik Kuscu Bonnenfant, Middle East Technical University
Dr Neophytos Loizides, University of Kent
Reuniting Cyprus: The British-Cypriot Diasporas as Peace Agents
AF160002 Three-Year £97,698
This project aims to explore and analyse the transformative role of the Cypriot diaspora in Britain. It introduces the first collaborative research programme focusing on the Greek and Turkish Cypriot diaspora and proposes a series of activities to study and encourage its positive engagement and inclusion in the current peace talks. An estimated quarter of the Cyprus population lives as diaspora in Britain. These communities engage in activities which insinuate their desire to be involved in homeland politics. Yet, so far, there has been little effort to study diaspora perceptions of conflict or to engage their community organizations into the ongoing peace process. The project’s goals are twofold: a) to provide a theoretically informed analysis as to why diaspora members support or oppose peace initiatives; b) to promote positive engagement of the diaspora through high-profile events involving British and UN policymakers.
Dr Klimis Aslanidis, Gediz University
Professor Sam Turner, Newcastle University
Locating religious communities: new approaches to the Christian heritage of the Ottoman era in western Turkey – exploring new methodologies to support the country’s cultural heritage and economic development.
AF160045 Three-Year £104,500
The western coast of Asia Minor is one of the most developed parts of modern Turkey. However, the care for architectural heritage, especially of recent centuries, has not kept pace with economic growth. Economic benefits from tourism, which is a key component of the development tools in this coastal region, is closely related to sustainable management of cultural heritage. Recent efforts to conserve or restore churches in this part of Turkey demonstrate that society, as well as local and central authorities, have understood the role that these monuments can play in cultural and economic development. It is, however, important that this effort is underpinned by scientific knowledge. This Fellowship will enable a collaboration focused on churches built during the Ottoman period on the western coast of Asia Minor, a particularly important part of Turkey’s cultural heritage, for which research is only just beginning. It will enable the applicant and his team to learn and apply cutting-edge digital humanities techniques, including GIS and digital building analysis, using terrestrial laser scanning and digital photogrammetry. Developing new methods for architectural heritage analysis will promote the appreciation and management of churches as a valuable aspect of Turkey’s cultural heritage. The upkeep and regeneration of non-Muslim buildings is also significantly contributing to the development of international understanding and friendship, which can be the basis for the building of fruitful international relationships as well as for peace and prosperity in the eastern Mediterranean - a key factor for economic growth and international collaboration.
Newton Mobility Grants
Professor Mércio Pereira Gomes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Professor Jeremy Richard Brotton, Queen Mary, University of London
The Anthropology and History of Discovery: A Comparative Exploration – Building capacity and promoting knowledge exchange amongst researchers, students and indigenous communities in Brazil.
NG160049 One-Year £9,998
Historical accounts of the first European exploration and discovery of Brazil and its indigenous Brazilian communities have usually been written from the perspective of the Anglo-American academy. There has been little attempt to engage with and incorporate the specific historical and ethnographic dimensions of the region under consideration. This project proposes a systematic revision of this approach, by bringing together a respected scholar from the UK specializing in the European Renaissance in the age of discovery (Brotton) and a leading Brazilian anthropologist (Gomes). Connected by their respective interests in cultural exchange, they will conduct a series of dialogues and exchanges between the UK and Brazil to reinterpret the founding story of Brazil, its place in English accounts of the ‘age of discovery’, the importance of Brazil in early European comparative ethnography, and the role played by this founding moment in current debates about Brazil’s place in the modern global economy. This project, which builds capacity and knowledge exchange between Brazil and the UK, has measurable benefits to the research community and postgraduate students in Brazil that arise from the direct skills transfer provided in workshops by Brotton introducing students to key texts in the history of discovery. In addition, social and welfare benefits to members of some of Brazil's indigenous communities - particularly those from the Alto Xingu - will arise from connecting them as active agents in the research project, reversing the convention that positions them as subjects, and drawing attention to the status of indigenous culture within the early colonial history of Brazil.
Professor Fabio Akcelrud Durao, State University of Campinas
Professor Suman Gupta, Open University
Entrepreneurial Literary Research: Brazilian and British Literature Markets – A programme of knowledge exchange, skills transfer and networking
NG160076 One-Year £10,000
This project opens new directions of knowledge-exchange, skills-transfer and networking in literary studies between Brazil and Britain. Research visits and 2 workshops will focus on Entrepreneurial Literary Research: i.e. exploring literary research in relation to publishing, media and culture, entertainment, and heritage industries, so as to develop advanced-level pedagogic programmes (with a strong employability agenda) and undertake scoping exercises for possible business opportunities in the two contexts. Knowledge-exchange and skills-transfer are centred because such research is currently more systematically pursued in Anglophone than in Lusophone academic contexts. Networking between academics and industry professionals will be facilitated, and initial steps taken towards engaging Brazilian postgraduate and early-career researchers/students. A publicly-accessible manual and a published paper are key outcomes. It is envisaged that an up-scaled project in this area will follow, and the applicants’ long-term vision is of establishing a centre of Entrepreneurial Literary Research.
Dr Lucia Maria Costa, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Dr Antonia Noussia, London South Bank University
Urban Agriculture, Landscape Justice, and Migrants Inclusion: Practices from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and London, UK
NG160134 One-Year £9,860
Pressures of urban development and the need for alternative ways of food production place urban agriculture high on the environmental and political agenda in cities. Urban agriculture is central to contemporary discussions on how landscapes can address human needs. In addition to health and environmental benefits, urban agriculture also contributes to community development, social inclusion, knowledge transfer and educational opportunities.
This proposal aims to investigate different experiences in urban agriculture in Rio de Janeiro and London, addressing how people have fair access to the benefits deriving from their landscapes. More specifically, the study explores the ways that urban agriculture can contribute to the inclusion of migrants in cities in terms of providing employment and also social opportunities, as well as assessing the landscape transformations that these experiences might bring. From this comparative study we seek to identify innovative approaches for food production in cities that can be shared and expanded.
Dr Paulo Nassar, University of São Paulo
Dr Beatriz Garcia, University of Liverpool
Brazil's Urban Brand Images and Cultural Narratives in the Wake of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games
NG160133 One-Year £9,980
This project aims to assess the impact of mediated cultural representations on the "brand" of Brazil and its two main cities (Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo) in the wake of the 2016 Olympic Games. The project will open an opportunity for long-term collaboration between the UK’s leading researcher on mega-event cultural impacts and Olympic cultural policy-making, and a team of Brazil’s leading international public relations and narratives researchers. This collaboration will enable transfer of knowledge between both countries and researchers by an exchange of different perspectives on the same subject matter: the brand images created by the representations of Brazil and its urban centres related to the Olympic Games. These images will be analysed with a focus on the official communication of the Games, but will also include a view on how these official narratives trickle down into the media and the sponsors' discourse at a local (cities), national (Brazil) and international levels.
Dr Renato Moraes, Universidade de São Paulo
Dr Crispin Richard Coombs, Loughborough University
Understanding Organisational Agility to advance economic development: The Role of Information Technology (IT) Capability
NG160090 One-Year £6,917
The marked increase in environmental volatility due to uncertainty in global financial markets, changing consumer demands, and new digital innovations has meant firms in Brazil need to review their ability to respond to change. This study will reveal how culture, people and processes combine to achieve IT capability and how this superior IT capability may achieve organisational agility. This new collaborative study will transfer knowledge and research skills in organisational agility and benefits realisation to develop the research capability of Dr. Moraes, his colleagues at USP, and academic researchers in other Brazilian Universities. The study will provide a new theoretical model of IT enabled organisational agility contextualised for application in developed and developing countries. Organisational agility is a key business imperative for organisations. IT capability is widely considered to be an enabler of organisational agility. However, it is the combination of culture, people and processes as well as IT that enable firms to achieve agility. This exploratory study will study how and why culture, people and processes combine to achieve superior IT capability for firms; and whether superior IT capability enhances organisational agility. The findings of this study will enable practitioners to transform IT investments, advancing the economic development of firms and the wider economy in Brazil and the UK.
Dr Jacqueline de Souza Gomes, Universidade Federal Fluminense
Professor Susan Kelly, University of Exeter
Transfer of Expertise in Sociology of Diagnosis to Understand and Manage Rare and Emerging Diseases in Brazil
NG160091 One-Year £9,985
Diagnosis is fundamental for the health and well-being of people yet the sociology of diagnosis remains an area of research currently unexplored in Brazil. This project provides a timely opportunity to address a pressing need and to deepen the knowledge of both subjects from a careful analysis of their diagnostic routes and their therapeutic itineraries. It is hoped that this project will lead to a better understanding of the factors that enable higher quality of life for people with rare and emerging diseases. The project will: transfer knowledge of sociology of diagnosis; strengthen the relevant research capacity of Brazilian and British colleagues; and establish collaboration between Brazilian and British researchers. We aim to improve early diagnosis and quality of life for people with rare and emerging diseases, and better understand social costs, impacts and consequences of diagnosis in rare and emerging diseases, especially for patients and families.
We will hold a training workshop in the sociology of diagnosis and identify rare disease case studies in the Brazilian context. We will then conduct:
a) theoretical analysis of the applicability of the sociology of diagnosis to rare and emerging diseases
b) study of Brazilian national health policy/system, focusing on the National Policy of Care for People with Rare Diseases
c) study of practices, costs and consequences of diagnosis for the quality of life for people with rare diseases and people affected by the emerging disease Zika.
Dr Dalson Figueiredo Federal, University of Pernambuco
Dr Nicole Janz, University of Cambridge
Fostering Transparency in Government Institutions and Higher Education: A Research and Teaching Initiative
NG160153 One-Year £9,792
This project aims to foster transparency in Brazilian government institutions and in scholarly research. Research findings resulting from data that is not publicly accessible are not credible. Similarly, governments withholding administrative data should not be trusted. Brazil currently faces these challenges: (1) its government lacks transparency in the dissemination of administrative data, particularly on corruption; (2) the majority of Brazilian social scientists do not provide access to their data. We argue that the lack of government and research transparency are connected, and can be tackled in Brazil by implementing changes that have worked to lessen these issues in the UK. We propose to conduct a novel study on corruption in Brazil and make the data publicly accessible. We will also conduct transparency workshops for researchers and civil servants. The project will strengthen research skills and transparency norms that can contribute to innovation, development, and ultimately social welfare.
Dr Daiane Neutzling, University of Fortaleza
Dr Vikas Kumar, University of the West of England
Relational Coordination Mechanisms for Sustainable Food Supply Chains: The Role of Farmer Cooperatives in Brazil
NG160177 One-Year £9,850
Brazil has observed a period of rapid growth in the last decade and has emerged as the sixth largest economy in the world, having overtaken the UK. Enjoying a vigorous growth of agricultural GDP, Brazil is also today the world’s largest producer and exporter of a wide range of agricultural products. While this growth has brought many socio-economic benefits, it’s come with a downside of significant environmental impacts. This has put immense pressure on farmers to adopt food supply chain practices that conform to the three pillars of sustainability. Consumers are also keen to trace the origin of food they want to consume, hence it becomes crucial to develop mechanisms to ensure trust and establish a secure marketing channel between producers, sellers and consumers. Short food supply chains have emerged as an alternative and hence local organic food production in this context can help Brazilian farmers. This project therefore aims to investigate the role of farmer cooperatives in the promotion of sustainable organic food supply chains in Brazil and transfer best practices from the UK.
Dr Ngee Thai Yap, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Professor Jane Elizabeth Setter, University of Reading
Fellowship for research and training: Intonation in Malay and in Malaysia. A research and training project to support the development of analytical skills in intonation among academics in Malaysia and to investigate the intonation patterns of Bahasa Melayu.
NG160107 One-Year £9,049
Intonation, sometimes described as 'the melody of speech', contributes to the listener’s ability to correctly select items from the mental lexicon, manage conversational turn-taking, detect and indicate hierarchical relationships in conversations, decide where emphasis has been placed, and understand speakers’ emotional states. It is essential that linguistic descriptions of intonation in languages exist, and that academics have the expertise to undertake research to document the intonation patterns in their languages. This expertise is currently lacking in Malaysia. This project has three main aims: 1) to support the development of analytical skills in intonation among academics in Malaysia; 2) to train them in the intonation of English, a well-documented language, as a framework for describing intonation in other languages; and 3) to initiate a full-scale investigation of the intonation patterns of Bahasa Melayu with a view to publishing research in this area, thus contributing to what we know about intonation in languages around the world. This project benefits areas such as speech and language therapy and inter-cultural communication in Malaysia, a multilingual and multicultural country. Better services for those with speech and language deficits and better understanding of cultural and linguistic differences will help advance economic development.
Dr Bonaventure Boniface, University Malaysia Sabah
Dr Jane Chang, University of Westminster
Effective Entrepreneurship among Independent Palm Oil Small Holders in Sabah, Malaysia
NG160028 One-Year £5,000
Entrepreneurial Learning is a learning process to recognize and act on opportunities, and interacting socially to initiate, organize and manage ventures to help entrepreneurs to develop and grow. Most of the literature on entrepreneurial learning in agriculture has focussed on farmers of developed countries (McElwee, 2008; Sueneke, 2013), and we have very little understanding of small farmers in emerging countries, particularly in relation to poor and less educated farmers. Focusing on the support required to develop this cognitive skill set, this research aims to explore these group of farmers’ learning processes in developing their entrepreneurial mindset. We achieve this by collating data of 38 independent palm oil smallholders in Sabah based on smart phone application, through a collaborated international 12 month action research programme, and analysing them using a mixed qualitative and quantitative approach. The dataset is original and has the interdisciplinary focus which allows us to explore entrepreneurial learning processes in variety agricultural industries.
Dr Norizan Esa, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Dr Shaista Shirazi, Kingston University
Building knowledge and capacity in science - Introducing a Technology-enhanced Active Learning Approach to Develop Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Malaysian Science Teacher Education
NG160200 One-Year £3,615
Strong understanding of science is the foundation for a strong and progressive nation, informing decision making that contributes to its positive development. Sustainable development of the nation will be another potential benefit, leading to the well being of the people, the nation and the environment. The aim of the project is to introduce an intervention that will help Malaysian preservice teachers to teach science in way which will interest and motivate their learners. The intervention is in the form of a 3-day workshop which will introduce student-centred learning through technology to deliver a technology-enabled active learning approach. This intervention has two purposes: 1) It is a method which will allow individuals to create, engage and share through digital environments in order to give them a better understanding of effective methodologies for teaching science; and 2) it will provide preservice teachers with opportunities to build confidence in their own use of learning technologies to increase motivation and interest in science in their learners.
The research element of the project is linked to the development of a research instrument that will measure the impact on preservice teachers’ attitudes and practices in the science classroom.
Dr Stephen McKnight, El Colegio de México
Dr Laura Povoledo, University of the West of England
Promoting sustainable and economic growth - The Role of Indeterminacy and Self-Fulfilling Expectations in Emerging Economies.
NG160085 One-Year £9,520
This project aims to analyse how expectations in international financial markets affect business cycles in emerging market economies, and whether they can explain the excess volatility of consumption. The project will extend the current understanding of business cycles in emerging markets by considering the role of self-fulfilling expectations in intertemporal consumption smoothing, thus emphasising the role of international financial markets and financial frictions in emerging economies. The literature so far has mainly focused on the neoclassical model driven solely by shocks to total factor productivity. Our research is part of a wider scholarly effort to better understand how developing economies operate. This will help policymakers in emerging economies to design better and more appropriate macroeconomic policies. In line with the UN sustainable development goals, this project aims to "promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all". This project will establish the first academic partnership between El Colegio de México and the University of the West of England, helping to strengthen research links between the two countries, for researchers, students and research capacity in Mexico.
Dr Jorge Alberto Duran-Encalada, Universidad de las Americas Puebla
Professor Alberto Paucar-Caceres, Manchester Metropolitan University
Family SMEs for Circular Economy: Enabling Capacity through Mexico/UK partnership
NG160123 One-Year £9,770
This action research project will support existing responsible business among Cholula’s (Puebla, Mexico) family enterprises, by promoting zero waste business management and other circular economy goals. UDLAP (La Universidad de las Americas, Mexico) and MMU (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK) researchers will create a partnership framework to explore how family enterprises could become conduits for Circular Economy- essentially enterprise that is non-harmful to the environment, restores and regenerates natural resources. The project will therefore facilitate knowledge exchange (Mexico/ UK) about waste resource business and, how family businesses might collaborate with local welfare schemes in their districts. The role of next generation entrepreneurs in promoting zero eco-friendly enterprise will provide a special focus for this research project.
Dr Ruben Garnica Monroy, Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey
Dr Seraphim Alvanides, Northumbria University
Spatial Inequalities and Urban Form in Mexican Cities: a geospatial investigation
NG160052 One-Year £9,870
With a population of more than 120 million people, Mexico is the third largest country in America. Most of the Mexican cities suffer from socioeconomic inequalities. Our hypothesis is that these inequalities are worsened by spatial inequalities, resulting from their urban form and structure. The substantive aim of this project is to investigate the role of urban form in manifested spatial inequalities across 24 of the Mexican largest metropolitan areas. In order to achieve this, we will combine secondary data with sophisticated geospatial analysis. In particular, three sets of geographical data will be analysed: spatial accessibility indices, location of urban services and socio-demographic data for selected indicators. In addition to the substantive question of this project, there will be a strong element of skills exchange, knowledge transfer and training. Furthermore, an opportunity for Dr Garnica to strengthen his analytical skills and for Dr Alvanides to widen his geographical research.
Dr Constance Bitso, University of Cape Town
Dr Jose Abdelnour Nocera, University of West London
Socio-cultural and Human Interaction Approaches in the Design of Interventions to Support Students at Risk in South African Universities
NG160087 One-Year £9,256
Many students admitted into universities fail to proceed with their academic work. While universities in South Africa (SA) are seeking and implementing solutions to the challenges of student retention rates and desirable throughput, the role of socio-cultural and human interaction approaches in designing interventions has not been explored to complement data currently collected through eLearning platforms and social media. Deeper and systematic studies to provide innovative systems that support students at risks is critical if retention and pass rates are to be improved. The joint research capacity building project will involve the human approach to information systems that incorporate cultural aspects designed to respond and assist humanities students with interventions to help those at risk. Designing intervention systems that assist in early identification of students at risk academically and socially to realise successful completion of programmes of study is very critical in the SA transformation agenda.
Dr Heather Brookes, University of Cape Town
Dr Katherine Alcock, Lancaster University
Training and Knowledge Exchange in Early Bantu Language Development Assessment
NG160093 One-Year £9,030
This application supports a research partnership between Dr Heather Brookes at the University of Cape Town, Dr Katherine Alcock at Lancaster University, and their respective research teams, for the exchange of expertise and training on developing child language assessments, specifically Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) for South African languages. CDIs are questionnaires completed by parents, who tell us about their child's language and gesture; parents are the experts in what children know, especially where children are unused to formal testing.
The overall aim of this project is to help South African linguists and speech therapists to develop CDIs for three languages spoken in South Africa. The scientific aims are to describe and address the relationship between gesture, vocabulary and grammar development in these languages and compare it to other languages to examine how language structure, culture and environment affect early language. The outcomes will be: (1) First drafts of CDIs (2) Proposals for further funding for full studies; (3) Training of 7 UCT students.
Professor Stefan Grab, University of the Witwatersrand
Dr Mark Williams, Cardiff University
The VOC Cape Daghregister Project - extending historical knowledge of the complex interactions between the environment and human activity in the Cape region.
NG160166 One-Year £9,900
The ‘day registers’ of the Dutch East India Company in the Cape Colony are unequalled in early modern history for their rigorous documentation of daily life over the course of nearly 150 years (1652 to 1795) of Dutch presence in southern Africa. Each register details a wide range of human activity (trade activity, diet, diplomacy etc) and environmental observation (e.g. daily weather phenomena). Yet, through the coincidence of geographical distance, linguistic barriers, and politicisation, they remain chronically under-exploited. This Project seeks to address this silence through a long-term, interdisciplinary approach to this tremendous resource. Its lead collaborators, Prof Stefan Grab (Witwatersrand University, Johannesburg) and Dr Mark Williams (Cardiff University) will seek to establish an international network committed to both utilising and disseminating the content of these registers to the general public, academic community and relevant cultural societies. Through the assembly of an extensive database of qualitative and quantitative content from these registers, this will allow for the collection of both extensive meta-data about the Cape Colony and documentation for closer scrutiny and extended chronology of many issues central to present historical and policy-based issues in South Africa. This affords a unique opportunity to extend historical knowledge of the complex interactions between the environment and human activity in the Cape region and beyond. Through an interdisciplinary methodology grounded in historical research, geographical science, and transnational interpretation, this project will add significantly to a variety of regional histories (e.g. environmental, socio-political, economic), while extending post-apartheid historical discussion into early colonial records. Transfer of knowledge will continue through the training of graduate students, allowing for sustained academic engagement with these materials and the project.
Dr Lucy Graham, University of the Western Cape
Professor Michele Barrett, Queen Mary University of London
The Politics and Poetics of World War One Commemoration in South Africa and the United Kingdom – building and enhancing research capacity within the humanities and social sciences.
NG160338 One-Year £9,910
This project examines the political and cultural history of the commemoration of the First World War, with reference to two countries: South Africa and the United Kingdom. We aim to place into conversation attempts in both countries to commemorate the role played by the South African Native Labour Contingent (SANLC), which consisted of black troops recruited from South Africa to the British war effort. The men of the SANLC were not allowed to bear arms, but they contributed greatly to the war, performing vital labour. Unfortunately, their role is still part of a lesser-known history of the war. The project aims to create a space for alternative commentary on World War One by examining the politics of commemorating the role played by the SANLC, and to create historical redress by analysing cultural production about the war across the contexts of both countries. Relatively little research funding is allocated to the humanities and social sciences in South Africa. The project aims to contribute to the health of these disciplines by generating research of an internationally excellent standard, at an historically disadvantaged university in South Africa, namely the University of the Western Cape. As a legacy of an unequal past, the University of the Western Cape faces specific constraints (such as fewer resources) relative to historically white universities such as the University of Cape Town. By linking research efforts with the University of Cape Town, and with Queen Mary University of London, the project aims to enhance research and capacity building at the University of the Western Cape and enhance and develop the applicant’s research, presentation, and project management experience. The project aims to address poverty and development issues by uncovering and highlighting themes and narratives specific to black South African history, culture and experience, to create further opportunities for broader, richer perspectives in the South African curriculum, and contribute to an environment where students from an African background can flourish.
Professor Shaheen Ashraf Kagee, Stellenbosch University
Dr Paula Smith, University of Bath
Developing Understanding of End of Life Care: Sharing Knowledge between the United Kingdom and South Africa
NG160225 One-Year £9,155
This proposal seeks funding for a new collaborative research project led by Professor Ashraf Kagee of Stellenbosch University (SU) in South Africa (SA) and Dr. Paula Smith of the University of Bath (UoB) in the United Kingdom (UK). It seeks to facilitate the continued development of an existing collaborative research programme on the psychosocial aspects of end of life care in the UK and SA. The project is unique in that it seeks to develop research capacity in interpretive phenomenological analysis, which is a relatively new methodological approach in health psychology research. We will conduct a qualitative study to explore the lived experience and support needs of patients, formal and informal carers within end of life care in the SA context. The project will strengthen research capacity and contribute to a greater understanding of ways in which to ameliorate the social costs associated with end of life care in SA.
Dr Ruthira Naraidoo, University of Pretoria
Dr Vo Phuong Mai Le, Cardiff University
The Role of Banks and Monetary Policy in South Africa
NG160048 One-Year £6,700
The financial crisis of 2007-2011 has challenged our previous understanding of the monetary system, whereby money injections work solely through the setting of interest rates on safe short-term government bonds. Now money substitutes with a wide variety of financial and real assets in rather different ways, for instance, Quantitative Easing has become a major instrument of monetary policy. We plan to build a macro model for emerging market economies such as South Africa so that money has a role beyond merely setting the interest rate but might have wider implications for financial markets and in so doing also analyses the effects of alternative monetary arrangements that can stabilise the economy. Not only that will help to shed insights on the benefits associated with financial development but also to determine whether the likelihood of economic and financial crisis can be reduced and hence improve economic welfare.
Professor Andrea Saayman, North-West University
Dr ShiNa Li, Leeds Beckett University
Tourism as a Tool for Poverty Reduction in Southern Africa
NG160321 One-Year £10,000
The aim is to investigate tourism as a tool for poverty reduction in southern Africa. This is an important, timely theme as ending poverty is one of the United Nations’ Global Goals and tourism is promoted in Africa for this purpose. The research will focus on two specific aspects, which are essential in securing benefits from tourism for local communities and to address poverty: 1. the distributional impacts of tourism brought by hosting of mega-events, using an innovative and advanced quantitative approach; 2. a pilot study on the impact of money illusion on foreign tourists’ spending on local products. The first theme investigates to what extent the approach of hosting events in order to attract tourists is benefiting communities. The second theme addresses a key concern for local communities who sell hand-crafted items to tourists to earn a living. This project is the first step in developing long term collaboration between mutually beneficial partners via staff exchange, research meetings and workshops. It will also involve and monitor early career scholars in research.
Dr Andreas Scheba, Human Sciences Research Council
Dr Amber Huff, Institute of Development Studies
Addressing South Africa’s Sustainable Development Paradox: Towards a Multidimensional Framework for Assessing and Enhancing Social, Economic and Environmental Benefits of South Africa’s Green Fund Projects
NG160318 One-Year £9,914
In response to South Africa’s unique sustainability challenges, this project integrates policy analysis, social science and participatory methods to develop an assessment framework (AF) for evaluating social, economic and environmental impacts and risks associated with Green Fund and other ‘green economy’ investment projects, while building research capacity and a new long-term collaborative relationship between the HSRC and IDS/STEPS. The AF will be developed over the course of the award year in the context of carefully designed research and exchange activities: ‘virtual’ activities and exchanges involving collaborative research, methods training, knowledge exchange and skills building, public seminars and writing workshops. Outputs include a working paper, a peer-reviewed journal article, a series of blogs and commentaries and a large joint funding proposal. The project transfers skills and builds capacity in the HSRC, and establishes an international research partnership with enhanced capacity for environmental policy engagement to foster sustainable development in South Africa.
Dr Yukti Mukdawijitra, Thammasat University
Dr Richard Lowell MacDonald, Goldsmiths, University of London
Mobile Media Practices in Everyday Life: Negotiating Commercial Infrastructures and State Control in Mainland Southeast Asia
NG160129 One-Year £9,776
There is a relative lack of scholarship on the highly diverse everyday practices of mobile media use emerging in Southeast Asia (Qiu 2010). This knowledge gap persists despite a growing body of research that has emphasized the locally contingent, culturally specific nature of mobile use (Ito 2005; Hjorth 2009; Miller & Horst 2006). This project initiates a long-term partnership between the Centre for Contemporary Social and Cultural Studies at Thammasat University, Thailand, and the Media Ethnography Group at Goldsmiths, University of London. The aim of the partnership is to establish a strong international network, and to build the capacity of postgraduate and early career researchers, to advance new ethnographic methods and critical perspectives for researching the unpredictability of everyday mobile media practices in mainland Southeast Asia. The proposition unifying the project’s training and research exchange activities concerns the need to conceptualise mobile media and agency by researching people’s everyday negotiation of the contradictory realities of mobile media infrastructure. The partnership is an ideal context for developing methods attuned to the paradoxes of connectivity, particularly the ways that states in the region have sought to harness the economic promise of digital connectivity whilst simultaneously exercising control over the way in which their citizens use these communication tools. The project addresses a gap in the knowledge of mobile media use relating to the rapidly expanding Southeast Asian market.
Dr Quantar Balthip, Prince of Songkla University
Professor Wilfred McSherry, Staffordshire University
Exploring the Concepts of Spirituality and Dignity with Adolescents Living with HIV Compared with Healthy Adolescents
NG160122 One-Year £10,000
Adolescents are considered a healthy population and are defined by a period of striving for independence, continuing growth in capacity for abstract thought, and thinking about the meaning of life. Nevertheless, there are still significant rates of death, illness and disease such as HIV/AIDS among adolescents. It is proposed if adolescents living with HIV in Thailand understand and nurture their own spirituality and dignity this may lead to better life style choices experiencing a number of positive outcomes such as high prosocial reasoning, moral commitment, achievement, and high self-esteem. This growth will benefit themselves and society. This project will be supported by the UK-based co-applicant who is recognized as an international expert in the areas of spirituality, dignity, qualitative research methods and nursing/healthcare practice. Receiving his support through research collaboration will strengthen the research capacity of the Thailand-based applicant and improve outcomes of care for Thai adolescents.
Professor Sumru Altug, Koc University
Professor Sujoy Mukerji, Queen Mary, University of London
Ambiguity and the Business Cycle: Improving decision-making processes amongst private agents and policy makers in Turkey.
NG160021 One-Year £10,000
Ambiguity, uncertainty, and intertemporal decision-making are not abstract concepts. They involve most decisions regarding consumption, production, investment as well as other decisions undertaken by policymakers in the context of monetary or stabilization policy. In many situations involving private agents and policymakers in emerging economies, these considerations are likely to be even more important, as the processes or even models generating future outcomes are likely to be unknown. The project seeks to develop empirically implementable frameworks that can potentially provide answers to help solve the decision problems of private agents and policymakers under such scenarios. Thus, the knowledge generated under this project can have important applications in determining valuation of uncertain investments under ambiguity, determining robust monetary policy decisions in the face of uncertainty regarding external or domestic factors confronting central bankers, or understanding the saving and portfolio choice problems of consumers under ambiguity aversion and uncertainty. Generating scientific capacity in these regards, will, in turn, improve the decision-making process of private agents and policy makers, and lead to an increase in social welfare in Turkey by allowing different players to make decisions that optimally account for the uncertainty and ambiguity facing their environment. This is a relatively advanced and under studied area of research in Turkey. Through the transfer of knowledge between the Turkey and UK researchers, postgraduate students at Koc University will gain a deeper understanding of ambiguity, ambiguity aversion, and robust decision-making and the issues to be aware of in formulating and applying models of this kind in practice.
Dr Altug Akin Izmir, University of Economics
Dr Anthony McNicholas, University of Westminster
Research Collaboration on Marshall Plan Films about Turkey produced by British Filmmakers – in a contemporary socio-economic context.
NG160333 One-Year £9,856
The Marshall Plan (MP) era is one of the defining periods in the formation of modern Turkey; it is in this era that Turkey first aligned itself with the Western block resulting in the increasing impact of the US on Turkey’s political, economical and social orientation. Despite this, the number of scholarly works on MP is scarce in general, and non-existent in the field of media and communication. This project aims to facilitate research on the films produced as a part of the MP communication campaign in Turkey (a US-aid receiving country) between 1948 and 1952. Focusing on MP films about Turkey produced by a British film unit, the research aims to shed light on this understudied relationship between Britain and Turkey, by answering the questions “How was the discourse of modernization expressed in British films about the Marshal Plan in Turkey; and how this particular discourse was produced?” In the scope of the project, the applicant will conduct archival study in the UK about films, and their British producers, in collaboration with Dr. Anthony McNicholas of Westminster University, a renowned expert in media history. Towards the end of the project, a workshop on MP films, and a seminar on Middle East media history will be organized in Turkey and in the UK, respectively. Research outcomes will be published as a journal article and a book chapter. The grant will make possible a new partnership for Izmir University of Economics, Turkey and Westminster University, London. The proposed research aims to contribute to further the Turkish public’s understanding of its past, from an academic perspective, and increase academic interest in this crucial period of modern Turkey.
Dr Ferda Donmez Atbasi, Ankara University
Dr Irene Sotiropoulou, Coventry University
Researching and Teaching Grassroots Economics: A Pilot Project
NG160351 One-Year £8,050
The project aims to build upon the two applicants’ long-term informal cooperation in order to explore economic perceptions and practices of people and communities who are not directly involved with academia and have not necessarily formal economic training. The project will facilitate theoretical inquiries and the design of further research concerning grassroots economic thought and how this can be used to acquire meaningful knowledge about the economy, in its specific historical and cultural contexts. The applicants will identify new tools in economic thought and practice which can serve the majority of people, particularly those groups who are excluded, marginalised or exploited in the mainstream economy. The project will enable the two researchers to hold live meetings in order to advance their co-authorship on this field, design a postgraduate course based on this approach and offer a workshop in each of the two institutions involved for academics, students and the general public.
Dr Sandrine Berges, Bilkent University
Dr Alan Coffee, King's College London
Bridging the Gender Gap through Time: How Women Philosophers of the Past contributed to Today's Thought
NG160226 One-Year £9,600
The gender gap that exists throughout the world extends to academic philosophy in at least two ways: first, women philosophers of the past are not given pride of place in the history of the discipline. Secondly, women students in philosophy rarely achieve the same degree of success as their male counterparts. This is at least as true in Turkey as it is in the UK, Europe or the United States. Based on the plausible hypothesis that the lack of visible women role models in the history of the discipline contributes to women students' propensity to abandon their philosophical aspiration despite being as competent as their male colleagues, we propose a program of reinsertion of women in the history of philosophy that is both pedagogical and research based. This will include masterclasses on writing, publishing and teaching, and the organisation of two research conferences based on the work of Mary Wollstonecraft, and the production of an edited scholarly volume on her philosophy and its impact.
Dr Eylem Özaltun, Koç University
Professor Naomi Eilan, University of Warwick
First-Person: Action and Perception - Global Impact Issues in Turkey.
NG160050 One-Year £9,990
The last decade witnessed a resurgence of interest in Anscombe’s Intention, yet its central claim about the agent’s knowledge—that the agent has non-observational knowledge of what happens—remains as puzzling as ever. To solve the puzzle we need an account of practical knowledge, which makes explicit the precise sense in which knowledge of actions is first-personal. We propose that in order to give such an account we must also put under the spotlight our knowledge of our own perceptions and uncover the sense in which perceptions are first-personal. Drawing on Prof Eilan’s work on perception and Dr Özaltun’s work on action, the project aims to give an original account of the first-person perspective both in perception and action that is consistent with actions being part of the natural world, and perceptions revealing that world to us. This account will enable us to see not only how it is possible that an agent has non-observational knowledge of what happens, but also why exactly this knowledge is essential for her to be acting intentionally. The project will enrich the culture of philosophy in Turkey by transferring subject knowledge about philosophy of mind and action, and interdisciplinary research capabilities in self-consciousness and consciousness from Prof Eilan’s UK Network to Dr. Özaltun’s Turkish network via the planned activities and events. It will bring together UK- and Turkey-based academics to do the groundwork for founding a center in the European standards of excellence, dedicated to the study of mind in Turkey. The project, by introducing philosophy of action to Turkey, will promote the careful study of some of the basic concepts regarding our everyday life and relevant to political discourse. In investigating what constitutes intentional action, it will provide the necessary theoretical background to assess to what extent we are responsible for the consequences of our actions and which of those consequences are themselves intended. Set in the heart of the current global-impact issues—refugee crisis, terrorism, fair distribution of natural resources, environmental protection and urban development—public discussions in Turkey will benefit from a sober reflection on the nature of action.
Dr Nuray Ozaslan, Anadolu University
Dr Aylin Orbasli, Oxford Brookes University
Driving economic and social development in Turkey - Curriculum Development in Cultural Heritage Management.
NG160145 One-Year £9,350
International funding agencies such as the World Bank now firmly support the notion that cultural heritage can be a driver for economic and social development. Although Turkey enjoys well-established legislation and policy in support of heritage conservation, stewardship of the historic environment remains widely contested. There is increasing concern in Turkey that there are not enough specialists to take on the important task of conserving what is an immense wealth of cultural heritage spanning millennia. Decision makers and actors involved in the conservation processes including local administrators, contractors and architects need to be trained in specialised skills. Despite there being a number of well-established post graduate programmes in building conservation in Turkey, few academic courses are addressing the widening remit of conservation to include urban conservation, place sensitive regeneration and integrated heritage management practice. The purpose of this project is to enable the applicant to benefit from the academic and practice experiences of heritage management in the UK to develop curriculum content for a Master’s programme in Architectural Conservation. The applicants will work together to pilot an online teaching module in support of the curriculum that will become a means of reaching a broad international audience, including students, practitioners and decision makers. On a more targeted level early career academics and post graduate students in Turkey will learn about new methodologies of field research heritage management. The proposal is based on the shared ethos that integrating research, teaching and practice enriches the learning experience. It is therefore envisaged that the collaboration will generate a research proposal to investigate innovative approaches to heritage management that are socially aware and responsive to local needs. This project’s long-term focus is on the development of innovative approaches to heritage management that can deliver social and economic benefits locally, that takes heritage management away from a simplistic beautification or tourism related activity to one that is a driver for socially inclusive urban and rural development and resilience. These could potentially deliver significant benefits to local communities in areas of historic significance.
Professor Ozlem Sandikci, Istanbul Sehir University
Dr Aliakbar Jafari, University of Strathclyde
The Institutional Role of Imagination in the Formation of a Market: An Investigation of the Emergence of Global Halal Market in Turkey – implications for future development.
NG160253 One-Year £9,450
Over the past decade, a multifaceted discourse has grown about the emergence of a substantial global halal market. Preliminary findings from interviews with business managers shows that unrealistic and exaggerative facts about the nature, size, and financial value of this market are increasingly misleading policy and business actors who are keen to participate in the halal market through for example increasing exports, investment, and entrepreneurial activities. Turkey is one of the main countries that is increasingly keen to participate yet many domestic Turkish companies are not capable of making strategic decisions in terms of production and distribution of products and services that may or may not need comply with halal certification. Using a market formation theoretical approach and netnography of multiple sources of data, this project examines the understudied role of imagination in the formation of the global halal market. Policy and managerial implications that emerge from the project are expected to contribute to economic and business developments in Turkey and the UK and provide insights on strengthening the foundations of export of foods and drinks in relation to halal. Transfer of the insights and experiences gained from engagement with policy and industry in the UK is also expected to benefit the research environment in Turkey and the UK.
Dr Ozge Ozyilmaz Yildizcan, Istanbul Sehir University
Dr Sarah Neely, University of Stirling
Transition to Sound Cinema in Turkey – exploring responses to new developments through knowledge exchange and capacity building.
NG160270 One-Year £9,995
The coming of sound to cinema has been one of the most significant shifts in film history. However, there is only scant research on this process despite its dramatic impact on the production, exhibition and viewing processes of films. The few studies which do focus on the coming of sound are mostly studies on large film-producing countries. This project will be the first to investigate the ways in which the film industry in Turkey and the Turkish audiences responded to the coming of sound. While examining these responses, the foci of the project will cover a variety of aspects regarding the production, distribution, exhibition and reception stages – such as the installation of new sound equipment in theatres; the role of thousands of cinema musicians who accompanied silent films; the language barrier which became an issue after the emergence of talkies; and, the critical and popular responses to such new developments. The proposed research will contribute to scientific and cultural exchange between Turkish and British scholars. The research will situate Turkish film industry of the related period within the international film industry - an approach which requires an international scholarly network and exchange. This research makes it possible for Turkish academics to participate in the development of large-scale research projects with multi-partners. The project will facilitate knowledge exchange and capacity building through a workshop at Istanbul Sehir University on historical research on cinemagoing and reception with Turkish postgraduate student film scholars.
Dr Volkan Yilmaz, Bogazici University
Dr Paul Willis, University of Bristol
A Study of Contesting Discourses of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare Policies in Turkey in a Comparative Perspective: Whose Welfare and Rights Are Represented?
NG160154 One-Year £4,110
This research project is a preliminary study aiming to explore the contesting discourses of sexual and reproductive health care services in Turkey in the last decade and compare them with those in England and Wales. Main research questions are as follows: What social and moral discourses underpin and inform sexual and reproductive health care policy in Turkey? Whose welfare and rights are represented and whose are excluded in the identification of priority groups and user groups? How does this compare to the discourses and policy drivers informing sexual and reproductive health policy in England and Wales? The study has three major components: reviewing policy documents, identifying and mapping stakeholders involved in this policy domain and reviewing as well as analyzing public statements of stakeholders on changes in sexual and reproductive health care policies. Analysis of these three sources of qualitative data will enable us to explore the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in sexual and reproductive health care policies in Turkey in a comparative perspective.
Dr Luca Zavagno, Bilkent University
Dr Jonathan Andrew Jarrett, University of Leeds
‘Not the Final Frontier’. The World of Medieval Islands – a reassessment of their role as ‘gateway communities’ in a political, economic and social context.
NG160273 One-Year £4,216
Re-thinking the idea and concept of frontier is in my opinion essential with regard to the contemporary Turkish state of affairs. The traditional, and probably too often reprised, role of the country as a bridge between Europe and Asia is now tragically impinging upon the lives of people both living in or transiting across the country. Examining and reassessing the role of Mediterranean islands as hubs of movement as well as places of connectivity, acting as porous frontiers rather than impenetrable borders, resonates strongly with the rising discourses of the “globalist” and “currency” of the medieval Mediterranean world. The project aims at overcoming the common idea that the large islands of the medieval Mediterranean, such as Sicily, Cyprus, Crete, Malta, Sardinia and the Balearics, acted only as strategic and military bulwarks or peripheral outposts along the Mediterranean frontier between the Byzantine Empire and medieval Islam. Using material culture, archaeological evidence and literary and documentary sources, it will be demonstrated that these islands acted as sites of cross-cultural encounters and as political and economic poles of attraction from both sides of the Mediterranean religious divide. By emphasizing the importance of persons acting as cultural brokers (at the micro-historical level) and following the ebbs and flows of the caliphates, emirates and empires of the Great Sea (at the macro-historical level), it will be shown how islands acted, not as a cultural barrier between opposed political entities, but as zones of inter-religious and socio-economic interaction, peaceful and hostile both. The research will explore the role of Mediterranean islands as hubs of connectivity, where Islamic and Byzantine cultures encountered and impinged upon the “insular” political, economic and social structures of the Middle Ages.
Dr Chau Le Banking, University HCMC
Professor Roman Matousek, University of Kent
The Global Financial Crisis and Spillovers of US Monetary Policy: Lessons from Vietnam
NG160341 One-Year £7,860
Our project seeks to develop a new collaboration between the Banking University HCMC in Vietnam (BUH) and Kent Business School, Kent University, England – (KU). The research objectives of our project are as follows: First, we explore to which extend the spillover of the GFC affected bank performance in Vietnam. This is explored by examining bank efficiency that is an appropriate way of measuring the changes in bank activities. In doing so, we advance the current theoretical framework on bank efficiency by incorporating into the methodological framework issue of 'undesirable outputs', i.e non-performing loans and risk factor. Secondly, we develop an innovative methodological framework that will determine whether the monetary transmission process (Bank Lending Channel - BLC) works differently under financial turbulence. Thirdly, to empirically test the main factors having an impact on BLC, ie. whether BLC is influenced only by bank’s size, capitalization and liquidity or whether bank efficiency and spillovers of monetary policy from developed economies matter as well.
Dr Van Nhan Luong, Da Nang Architecture University
Dr Jonathan Evans, University of Portsmouth
Fan Translation in Viet Nam – an analysis of how media and cultural products from English speaking countries are translated and circulated by fan (non-professional) translators and how fan groups reacted to imported cultures and cultural products and the implications for educational policies.
NG160250 One-Year £9,102
This exploratory study aims to understand how media and cultural products from English speaking countries are circulated and received in unofficial translation in Viet Nam. Since the 1990s, the internet has made possible a greater movement of texts around the globe. However, this is not always in official or authorised translations, as some translation is undertaken by amateurs who are often fans of those texts. These fan translations do not always compete with official translations but supplement them and allow for greater access to key cultural and popular texts. Building on work in fan studies and translation studies – a new field of study in Viet Nam, the project will explore the range of translations available on the Vietnamese web and investigate translation strategies and reception of specific examples. It contributes to the developing sustainable research competence in the field of translation studies in Viet Nam and to expanding research collaboration between the UK and Viet Nam. The project will benefit Viet Nam through a deeper understanding of how young people are (unofficially) engaging with international popular culture and how this is affecting their interest in foreign cultures as well as their foreign language learning. This can feed into language teaching practice and contribute positively to educational policies. The project will demonstrate the potential of the Vietnamese market for multiple forms of Western popular culture and may encourage international companies to invest in that Vietnamese market, bringing jobs to Vietnamese translators.
Dr Phuc Van Nguyen, Trung Vuong University
Dr Tamsin Barber, Oxford Brookes University
New Labour Migrations Between Vietnam and the UK: Motivations, Journeys and Reflections
NG160319 One-Year £8,197.65
In recent years there has been a noticeable increase in Vietnamese migration to the UK. Perceiving themselves as coming to seek a ‘better life’, this youthful group is largely depicted in the media as either trafficked through nail salons, cannabis factories or as unaccompanied ‘child’ migrants (Barber and Nguyen, 2015). This has raised concerns for authorities, especially specialist crime agencies, in both countries. These concerns relate to human smuggling, illegal drug trades and money laundering. Their associated social and economic consequences, such as burdens on the welfare and asylum systems in the UK, and family separation and poverty in Vietnam are also noted. This project seeks to understand why these migrants come to the UK. It explores their aspirations, expectations and experiences at different stages of migration. Identifying common perspectives of the migrants from both the home and host country this project aims to gain a deeper understanding of social agency and migratory strategies, to provide a fuller and more nuanced understanding of this migration.
Professor Nguyen Cong Phuong, School of Economics, Danang University
Dr Tobias Polzer, Queen's University Belfast
The reform of public sector accounting in Vietnam – Learning from UK experiences and promoting the development of stronger public sector institutions.
NG160355 One-Year £3,860
The project aims to investigate which lessons Vietnam can learn from the UK about the development from a cash-based to a contemporary accrual accounting system. Vietnam has a cash-based accounting system, but as in other developing countries, there are pressures to move towards Western accruals accounting standards, often as requirement from international donor organisations or due to pressures arising from the financial crisis. Similar reforms in Western countries have in some cases turned out to be more costly than anticipated and have unintended effects. The UK can be regarded as an ideal country to learn from, as accruals accounting was already introduced in 1993, and other public sector accounting reforms have been carried out, so there is a substantial degree of gained experience. A special emphasis will be put on the questions of how (a) Western concepts can be implemented and (b) how problems discovered in the UK context can be avoided in developing countries. Proposed activities include a research stay in the UK for interviews and a workshop in Vietnam. This research will help to promote the development of stronger public sector institutions in Vietnam.
Dr Thi Tran, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences
Dr Jo-Pei Tan, Manchester Metropolitan University
Care in Modern Family: Perspective of Older and Younger Generations in two Major Cities in Vietnam and the UK
NG160263 One-Year £9,910
This project aims to build new partnerships and strengthen research capacity, including early career researchers (ECR) in Vietnam through a training & knowledge exchange programme, with a focus on understanding the practices of care provision in modern families, from an intergenerational perspective in two urban cities in Vietnam and the UK. Firstly, we will conduct an exploratory research visit to Vietnam, followed by comparative empirical research on family roles and the care system in the two countries, engaging Vietnamese ECR in workshops to strengthen research skills, and building capacity for community engagement and professional practice in health and social care (HSC). Finally, outputs will include seminar presentations and journal publications. The programme will directly enhance knowledge and skills capability of ECR at individual level and support capacity building at institutional level through learning, adapting and forming more effective strategies and policies for meeting HSC challenges in rapidly changing communities in Vietnam.
Professor Quang Thong Truong, University of Economics
Dr Quang Nguyen, Middlesex University
Linking Risk and Time Preferences with the Default of Microfinance Loan: Field Experiment Evidence from the Mekong Delta
NG160334 One-Year £10,000
Microfinance plays an important role in improving well-beings of low-income population. At the same time, the success of microfinance depends critically on non-default behaviour of borrowers. However, the link between default behaviours and borrower’s behavioral characteristics - especially risk and time preferences - is underexplored. The primary aim of this research is to work on a research project examining whether risk and time preference influence the microfinance borrower’s default risk. The risk and time preferences are further analyzed on the ground of difference between rural and urbanized areas of the Mekong Delta. A novel aspect of our study is the use of households survey in combination with field experiment - to examine the two following questions (i) Do risk and time preferences effects on microfinance loan default? (ii) Does there exist any difference in risk and time preferences between rural and urbanized areas borrowers?
Working on this research the Co-Applicant will transfer his skills and establish collaboration between Middlesex University and EUH.