Professor Simon Baron-Cohen FBA

The neuropsychology of autism (in particular, the phenomenon of mindblindness); the psychology of sex differences in humans; the role of foetal testosterone in neurocognitive development

Elected 2009

UK Fellow

Simon Baron-Cohen is Professor of Developmental Psychopathology, University of Cambridge, a Fellow at Trinity College and Director of the Autism Research Centre in Cambridge. He is the author of Mindblindness, The Essential Difference, Prenatal Testosterone in Mind, and Zero Degrees of Empathy. He has written books for parents and teachers including Autism and Asperger Syndrome: The Facts, and Teaching Children with Autism to Mindread and also authored >450 scientific articles. In 1985 Baron-Cohen formulated the 'mindblindness' theory of autism and in 1997 the 'fetal sex steroid' theory of autism. Both theories are now widely accepted in the field. In 1999 he created the first UK clinic for adults with suspected Asperger Syndrome, and this has helped over 1,000 patients to have their disability recognized, the 'lost generation' of adults who had missed out on diagnosis in childhood, and has been used to create a model for similar clinical services all over the UK. Baron-Cohen has received numerous awards from the British Psychological Society, the American Psychological Association, and received the Kanner-Asperger Medal from the German Society for Research into Autism. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, Vice-President of the National Autistic Society, and President-Elect of the International Society for Autism Research. He was Chair of the NICE Guideline Development Group for Autism (Adults) and is co-editor in chief of the journal Molecular Autism.

Current post

Professor of Developmental Psychopathology; Director, Autism Research Centre, Cambridge University; Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge


Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'? Cognition, 21, 37-46 1985

Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study European Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 1891-1898 1999

The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test Revised Version Journal of Child Psychiatry, 42, 241-252 2001

Sex Differences in the Brain: implications for explaining autism Science, 310, 819-823 2005

Why are Autism Spectrum Conditions more prevalent in males? PLOS Biology, 9, 1-10 2011

Is synaesthesia more common in autism? Mol Autism, 4(1): 40 2013

Autism The Lancet, 383 (9920), 896-910 2013

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