Professor Sandra Fredman FBA

Human Rights

Elected 2005

Fellow type
UK Fellow
Year elected

Sandra Fredman is the Rhodes Professor of the Laws of the British Commonwealth and the USA at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of the British Academy. She was made a Queen's Council (honoris causa) in 2012. She is South African, a graduate of the University of the Witwatersrand and Oxford University. She has published widely in the fields of equality, labour law, and human rights. Her books include Human Rights Transformed (OUP 2008); Discrimination Law (OUP, 2nd ed 2011); Women and the Law (OUP, 1997); The State as Employer (Mansell, 1988) with Gillian Morris and Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Great Britain (2nd ed, Kluwer, 1992) with Bob Hepple. She edited Age as an Equality Issue (Hart, 2003) with Sarah Spencer,and Discrimination and Human Rights: the Case of Racism (OUP, 2001). In 2012, she founded the Oxford Human Rights Hub, of which she is the director.

Current post

Professor of Law, University of Oxford; Fellow, Pembroke College, Oxford

Past appointments

Unknown Unknown Leverhulme Major Research Fellow

2004 - 2007

University of Oxford Professor of Law

2001 -

Exeter College University of Oxford Fellow

1988 -

University of Oxford Lecturer in Law

1988 -

Exeter College University of Oxford Professor of Law, University of Oxford, and Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford

1988 - 2013

Exeter College University of Oxford Professor of Law, University of Oxford, and Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford

1988 -

King's College London University of London

1984 - 1988


'Foreign fads or fashions: the role of comparativism in human rights law' (2015) 64 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 631 2015

'Reversing roles: bringing men into the frame' (2014) 10 International Journal of Law in Context 442 2014

‘Emerging from the Shadows: Substantive equality and Article 14 ECHR’ (2016) Human Rights Law Review, 1–29 2016

'From Dialogue to Deliberation: Human Rights Adjudication and Prisoners' Rights to Vote' [2013] Public Law 292 2013

'Breaking the Mold: Equality as a Proactive Duty ' (2012) 60 American Journal of Comparative Law 263 2012

The Potential and Limits of An Equal Rights Paradigm In Addressing Poverty (2011) 22 Stellenbosch Law Review 2011

The Public Sector Equality Duty (2011) 40 Industrial Law Journal 405 2011

New Horizons: Incorporating Socio-Economic Rights in a British Bill of Rights [2010] Public Law 297 2010

Positive Duties and Socio-economic Disadvantage: Bringing Disadvantage onto the Equality Agenda (2010) European Human Rights Law Review 290 2010

Engendering Socio-economic rights (2009) 25 South African Journal of Human Rights 410 2009

Women and the Law 1997

Discrimination Law (Clarendon Series (OUP , 2nd ed) 2011)

Human Rights Transformed 2008

From Deference to Democracy: the Role of Equality under the Human Rights Act 1998 Law Quarterly Review 2006

The State as Employer: Labour Law in the Public Services 1989

Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Great Britain 1st ed 1986, 2nd edn 1992

Reforming equal pay laws Industrial Law Review 2008

Redistribution and Recognition: reconciling inequalities South African Journal on Human Rights 2007

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