About this Fellow
Michael Lipton D Litt (1982), CMG (2003), FBA (2006), has worked on economics of agriculture, development, farm technology and employment, rural risk, land, rural-urban relations, nutrition and poverty reduction. He has been based on Sussex University since 1961, together with IDS, the Institute of Development Studies, since 1968 (Professor 1968; now Emeritus). He has researched in India (since working on Myrdal’s Asian Drama team in 1969-61 and in Kawathe village, Maharashtra, in 1965), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Botswana and South Africa.
He directed IDS’s Village Studies Programme (1972-8), which produced comparative books on migration, labour utilisation and nutrition based on some 3000 primary village surveys. His books include Assessing Economic Performance (1968); Why Poor People Stay Poor: urban bias and world development (1977); New Seeds and Poor People (with Richard Longhurst, 1989); Does Aid Work in India? (with John Toye, 1991); Land Reform: property rights and property wrongs (2010); and (work-in-progress) Malthus in Africa? (2019).
He was Fellow: of All Souls, Oxford (1961-8, 1983-4); Rockefeller (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1962-3) the British Academy (2006) and (Stellenbosch Inst. for Advanced Studies (2011). He has been Employment Adviser, Government of Botswana, 1977-9; Senior Economic.Adviser (poverty analysis), World Bank, 1981-3; Director, Consumption & Nutrition, International Food Policy Research Institute, 1987-9; and Lead Scholar and main author of the International. Fund for Agricultural. Development’s Rural Poverty Report, 1999-2001. He is currently advising the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, South Africa.
He was awarded the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought in 2012.
- Emeritus Professor of Economics and Emeritus Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
- Fellow, All Souls College University of Oxford, 1961 - 1982
- Director, Consumption and Nutrition Research Programme, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, 1987 - 1989
- Professorial Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, School for Global studies, University of Sussex, 1967 - 1994
- Professor of Economics, Poverty Research Unit, University of Sussex, School for Global studies, University of Sussex, 1994 - 2016
- Fellow, All Souls College University of Oxford, 1961 - 1968
- Emeritus Professor of Economics and Emeritus Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, University of Sussex, 2016
Applied economic theory: international trade (especially market structure, industrial location, and trade policy); industrial organisation (especially research and development) and consumer theory (especially index numbers)
Dynamic models in decision and game theory, with applications to normative economics, mechanism design, statistical models with many agents, social choice, ethics, unmodelled events, and experimental economics
The theoretical and empirical analysis of people’s values, judgments and decisions, incorporating psychological insights into models of economic behaviour, with policy applications to health, safety, environmental benefits and consumer welfare
Economic development and, in particular, technology choice and transfer; politics and development; economics of natural-resource abundance