About this Fellow
Michael Lipton D Litt (1982), CMG (2003), FBA (2006), has worked on economics of agriculture, development, farm technology and employment, rural risk, land, rural-urban relations, nutrition and poverty reduction. He has been based on Sussex University since 1961, together with IDS, the Institute of Development Studies, since 1968 (Professor 1968; now Emeritus). He has researched in India (since working on Myrdal’s Asian Drama team in 1969-61 and in Kawathe village, Maharashtra, in 1965), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Botswana and South Africa.
He directed IDS’s Village Studies Programme (1972-8), which produced comparative books on migration, labour utilisation and nutrition based on some 3000 primary village surveys. His books include Assessing Economic Performance (1968); Why Poor People Stay Poor: urban bias and world development (1977); New Seeds and Poor People (with Richard Longhurst, 1989); Does Aid Work in India? (with John Toye, 1991); Land Reform: property rights and property wrongs (2010); and (work-in-progress) Malthus in Africa? (2019).
He was Fellow: of All Souls, Oxford (1961-8, 1983-4); Rockefeller (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1962-3) the British Academy (2006) and (Stellenbosch Inst. for Advanced Studies (2011). He has been Employment Adviser, Government of Botswana, 1977-9; Senior Economic.Adviser (poverty analysis), World Bank, 1981-3; Director, Consumption & Nutrition, International Food Policy Research Institute, 1987-9; and Lead Scholar and main author of the International. Fund for Agricultural. Development’s Rural Poverty Report, 1999-2001. He is currently advising the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, South Africa.
He was awarded the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought in 2012.
- Emeritus Professor of Economics and Emeritus Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
- Fellow, All Souls College University of Oxford, 1961 - 1982
- Director, Consumption and Nutrition Research Programme, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, 1987 - 1989
- Professorial Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, School for Global studies, University of Sussex, 1967 - 1994
- Professor of Economics, Poverty Research Unit, University of Sussex, School for Global studies, University of Sussex, 1994 - 2016
- Fellow, All Souls College University of Oxford, 1961 - 1968
- Emeritus Professor of Economics and Emeritus Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, University of Sussex, 2016
Philosophical foundations of the social sciences; political philosophy; theories of individual and collective decision-making
The economics of health and health care; the role for markets, pseudo-market mechanisms and financial incentives in the delivery of public services
The history of economics, focusing on the twentieth century, including applied economics, macroeconomics, economics and the other social sciences, Maynard Keynes and Paul Samuelson
Financial markets; liquidity and market imperfections; bubbles and crashes; asset management; interest rates; government debt policy; financial regulation; behavioural economics and finance; organizations