English Language and Literature History of a specific country Britain in the 18th & 19th C. History of Art Theory of Painting Cultural Geography
- President Emeritus, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, Toronto
German literature and philosophy from 1700 to the present, particularly with reference to Goethe. Theological aspects of contemporary politics
English Language and Literature Northern Europe France
Italian language and literature; manuscript studies; historical studies of language and literature; medieval history; historical linguistics; southern Europe, Italy.