About this Fellow
- Historiographer Royal in Scotland
- Professor of Economic History, University of Edinburgh, 1972 - 1979
- Professor of Scottish History, University of St Andrews, 1980 - 1991
- Director, Institute of Environmental History, University of St Andrews, 1991 - 2000
History, Social History, Women's History, Political History, Economic History, History of Britain.
The history and politics of modern China; history of twentieth-century China, in particular the Republican period (1912-1949) and Cold War; contemporary Chinese nationalism and Sino-Japanese relations
International history of 20th century Europe and the United States: the expanding domestic and foreign context of international relations; comparative history of the administration and conduct of foreign relations.
History of earth sciences, especially the reconstruction of the earth's pre-human history, 1750-1850; the history of visual imagery in the natural sciences; epistemic issues in field- and museum-based sciences