About this Fellow
- Historiographer Royal in Scotland
- Professor of Economic History, University of Edinburgh, 1972 - 1979
- Professor of Scottish History, University of St Andrews, 1980 - 1991
- Director, Institute of Environmental History, University of St Andrews, 1991 - 2000
Late 18th and 19th century British history; political and cultural developments, theology and religious belief, social and economic thought.
Modern British and Irish history; the history of war, particularly political violence, and terrorism, public security, emergency powers and counter-insurgency in Ireland and Palestine under British rule
History and politics of southern Africa, especially the rural Eastern Cape; environmental history and the politics of conservation
History of thought in international relations; history of Soviet foreign policy; contemporary history of Chile; biography (E H Carr); origins of the Second World War.