Research into the performance of music with special reference to the Middle Ages and to the cultivation of plucked stringed instruments in Western Europe between the sixteenth century and the nineteenth
- Senior Scientific Worker, Oriental Department, State Hermitage Museum
- Senior Scientific Worker, Oriental Department, State Hermitage Museum, Other Foreign Institutions, 2003
Music History USA, Canada and/or Mexico Resident in California for 9 years Central Europe Much work on German musical culture
Western Europe France History of Art
Ethnomusicology: music as an agent of change in culture and modern history; music and religion and race; music in European Judaism and Islam.