On 14–15 September 2000 the British Academy organized a conference on how Economic and Monetary Union is affecting European states. The conference covered epistemological and methodological problems in studying these effects. It also considered ‘top-down’ effects from the EU level, how different states responded to EMU and sought to reshape its development, and sectoral effects on labour markets, welfare states and financial market regulation. Professor Kenneth Dyson FBA, the organizer of the conference, reflects on some of the issues.
• Kenneth Dyson
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